Search: "Architecture" Filter:"Architecture"

47 tagged events, 29 books found.

Tagged events

November 2014

NOV 19
Following of successful ILDC 2013 in Shiraz, Iran, the 2ndinternational conference of ILDC (Iran Lighting Design Confer...


January 2015

What is Southeast Asia architecture? Does the construction of Southeast Asia architecture depend on the validity of Sou...


February 2015

FEB 19
TABULA RASA Graduate Research Symposium 2015 Call for Papers School of Architecture University of Navarra (Pamplona, Sp...

Pamplona (Spain)

March 2015

MAR 19
The 2015 2nd International Conference on Civil and Urban Engineering (ICCUE 2015) is the premier forum for the presenta...


May 2015

MAY 10
ICSDEC 2015 is a premier conference offering a unique opportunity to academia, industry practitioners and entrepreneurs...


MAY 21
Old and new nomads, inscribe traces, invisible or real, on the places they cross and where they stop, generating lingui...


June 2015

JUN 18
The conference examines the formation and presentation of knowledge on technologies and the environment, as well as ethi...

Nova Gorica,

JUN 20
We are proud to announce the Third International Conference on Asian Studies 2015 (ICAS 2015) jointly organized by the ...


July 2015

JUL 13
Overview STREMAH 2015 is the 14th International Conference on Studies, Repairs and Maintenance of Heritage Architectur...

A Coruna,

August 2015

The 2015 5th International Conference on Environmental and Agriculture Engineering (ICEAE 2015) is the premier forum for...

September 2015

SEP 21
What more is to be said about Space? Inexhaustible in its meanings, potentials and inspirational capacities, this phenom...

Novi Sad,

October 2015

OCT 14
Our three day conference at Enna, Italy will withdraw you to exchange the better understanding of sustainable developme...


OCT 17
All honorable authors are kindly encouraged to contribute to and help shape the conference through submissions of their ...


November 2015

NOV 14
The Healthcare Design Expo and Conference is the premier event devoted to how the design of responsibly built environmen...

National Harbor, Maryland,
United States

NOV 23
The five-day conference is designed to provide university researchers, professionals and policy makers with a ...


NOV 23
We are honored to invite you to the International Conference on Conservation of Architectural Heritage which will be hel...


December 2015

DEC 14
The Escuela Técnica Superior de Edificación of the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, is pleased to invite researche...


January 2016

JAN 21
HOUSED by CHOICE, HOUSED by FORCE - Homes, Conflicts and Conflicting Interests Conference Call Location: Cyprus (Un...


February 2016

IEREK invites planners, designers, lawyers, and all scientists who are in charge of integrating nature into our da...

United Kingdom

April 2016

APR 25
Important Dates *Extended Full Paper Submission Deadline: 12 February 2016 Early Bird Registration Deadline: 26 Febr...


September 2016

"International Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture" is a peer-reviewed scientific journal, published every thr...


Every two years docomomo (the international committee for documentation and conservation of buildings, sites and neighbo...


November 2016

Join green roof and wall industry leaders this November in North America’s foremost city for green roof policy and imp...

Washington, D.C.,
United States

NOV 26
Website: Enquiries: International Workshop on Civil Engineering...


December 2016

The 3rd Green Buildings & Parks World 2016 is an annual gathering of developers, professionals and government bodies wit...

Kuala Lumpur,

February 2017

The AREQAU conference aims to showcase to the international community, the groundbreaking results of the work in the fie...


The Department of Architecture & Planning, IIT Roorkee is organising International Conference on “Sustainable Built En...


May 2017

Advances in Architecture and Civil Engineering are the order of the day with the rapid industrialization and urbanizatio...


4th Annual International Conference on Architecture and Civil Engineering (ACE 2017) Advances in Architecture and Civ...


July 2017

ISOA is a private academic art center which holds training courses in order to familiarize Professors and students of a...


September 2017

SEP 29
WCASET heartily welcomes research scholars, delegates and students from academia as well as industries to interact and s...

Bangkok, Thailand,

December 2017

DEC 12
Given the importance and the impact of the Earth’s ecological systems and refraining from causing any alterations that...


February 2018

Following the success of the first international conference on “Conservation of Architectural Heritage“, the second ...

Luxor &Aswan,

How about doing both, going on a #Nile_Cruise trip abroad #Grand_Princess, watch the magnificent Sites on the shore of t...

Luxor &Aswan,

FEB 16


March 2018

MAR 14
ENSAD is a collaboration of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Architecture and Design Faculties, and Vocational School s...


MAR 20
The Myanmar Infrastructure Summit 2018 is designed to provide a platform for international industry players and potentia...


April 2018

Warm greetings! International Conference on Contemporary issues in Science, Engineering & Management (ICCI-SEM) invit...

Kuala Lumpur,

APR 10
The built environment has a major impact on how we experience the quality of our daily life. With a world population tha...


July 2018

The 10th International Conference on Construction in the 21st Century (CITC-10) is hosted by the Department of Construct...

COLOMBO, North Central Province,
Sri Lanka

September 2018

SEP 25
Cities’ Identity Through Architecture and Arts – 2nd Edition Nowadays, all countries seem to be seeking one press...


SEP 25
Cities’ Identity Through Architecture and Arts – 2nd Edition Nowadays, all countries seem to be seeking one pressin...


October 2018

OCT 15
Urban Regeneration is the Rehabilitation of land areas that are subject to high-density Urban Land use. It is a strategy...

United Kingdom

OCT 17
Green Urbanism is defined as the practice of creating communities beneficial to human and the environment it is an attem...


November 2018

Following the success of the first version of the PACT conference, a second version is going to be held in London, UK ar...

United Kingdom

December 2018

DEC 18
The 5th Asia-Pacific Conference on Engineering and Applied Sciences (APCEAS) is an international platform for scholars, ...


January 2019

JAN 16
For thousands of years human beings have dreamt of perfect worlds, worlds free of conflict, hunger and unhappiness. But ...



by Koompong Noobanjong


Modern architecture is a creation of the West. In a non-Western context, it normally reflects a direct intervention of Western powers through colonization. Thailand, formerly known as Siam, is an exception. Thai people have argued that they adopted and assimilated modern architecture into their unique cultural tradition without being physically colonized. The shift toward Western culture and Modernity is evident in 19th and 20th century Thai architecture, particularly in the capitol city of Bangkok. Major public buildings signify the country's domestic political circumstances, its Westernization and Modernization processes, in addition to the discourse of colonialism and anti-colonialism. Many of the best-known works resulted in hybrids between European a...

by David Prescott-Steed


This praxis-based book explores how an improvisational, creative and embodied practice such as the dérive works to defamiliarise our experience of the late modern built environment, fostering new insight into routinised cultural behaviours. In addition to detailing the key contexts of modernity, this book includes case studies on the work of Viktor Shklovsky, Craig Raine, Georges Perec, plus rare scholarly attention to the postcards of Jim Henson’s Uncle Traveling Matt. Tertiary students and early career researchers in the humanities, particularly cultural theory and the creative arts, will read about the work of internationally recognised artists who have responded creatively to the urban landscape in view of its habituation under advanced capitalism. The research aims to provide s...

Abstraction and Transcendence

Nature, Shintai, and Geometry in the Architecture of Tadao Ando

by Pham Thanh Hien


This thesis introduces Tadao Ando, a well-known Japanese architect, who is currently working on an emerging concept in the discourse of architecture, and is opening an approach of high sensibility (sensual, reflective, flexible, and complex, sensitively matching with every moment of life) and conceptualism (rational, logically approaching truth) that is widely considered one of the most important ways of thinking and designing architecture.In the introduction chapter, Tadao Ando's is introduced as a master of architecture and as a critic. Secondly, his goals, objectives, concepts and strategies are outlined. These aspects are grouped and developed into major themes. Those themes will later be interpreted in Chapter Four.In the second chapter of the thesis, the architecture of Tadao Ando i...

The 8051/8052 Microcontroller

Architecture, Assembly Language, and Hardware Interfacing

by Craig Steiner


This book was written with the novice or intermediate 8052 developer in mind. Assuming no prior knowledge of the 8052, it takes the reader step-by-step through the architecture including discussions and explanations of concepts such as internal RAM, external RAM, Special Function Registers (SFRs), addressing modes, timers, serial I/O, and interrupts. This is followed by an in-depth section on assembly language which explains each instruction in the 8052 instruction set as well as related concepts such as assembly language syntax, expressions, assembly language directives, and how to implement 16-bit mathematical functions. The book continues with a thorough explanation of the 8052 hardware itself, reviewing the function of each pin on the microcontroller and follows this with the design ...


Sacred and Pagan Architecture in Prehistory

by Alberto Pozzi


Megalithism, or the art of using huge boulders to create sacred, pagan monuments and sites, still fascinates us today. How did Prehistoric man cut, transport, and place such enormous stones, some weighing up to 200 metric tons, without bulldozers, drills, and cranes? Yet primitive man, without the written word or wheel, created structures which still stupefy us in the 21st century, both due to their components and the precision used in positioning them. This book takes us back in time to the 5th-2nd millennia B.C. and helps us visualise the Stone Age world and its constructions - menhirs, dolmens, rows and circles of standing stones. Undoubtedly they were sacred places, used for pagan rituals and funerary purposes, but the author also gives us details of their astronomic and physical...

by Mahendra Gunathilaka Samarawickrama


The modern FPGAs enable system designers to develop high-performance computing (HPC) applications with a large amount of parallelism. Real-time image processing is such a requirement that demands much more processing power than a conventional processor can deliver. In this research, we implemented software and hardware based architectures on FPGA to achieve real-time image processing. Furthermore, we benchmark and compare our implemented architectures with existing architectures. The operational structures of those systems consist of on-chip processors or custom vision coprocessors implemented in a parallel manner with efficient memory and bus architectures. The performance properties such as the accuracy, throughput and efficiency are measured and presented. According to results, FPGA ...

Late Mamluk Patronage

Qansuh al-Ghuri's Waqfs and His Foundations in Cairo

by Khaled A. Alhamzah


This book attempts to look at the structure and functions of the constituent elements of the Ghuriyya complex through the medium of contemporary sources --in particular its waqfiyya--and in doing so, the motives and attitudes of the patron, his goals and his ambitions are defined. In addition, the study seeks to place the monuments in broader context and examine them within the more extended social, economic, political, and cultural environment of al- Ghuri’s reign. This book will be of considerable interest to academics and students working on the history of art and architecture, history, culture and urbanism of the Middle East. Its subject is the expressive intent of Mamluk architecture, using new cultural and iconographical approaches. The book offers the first complete English transl...

by Farayi Musharavati


Trends and perspectives in dynamic environments point towards a need for optimal operating levels in reconfigurable manufacturing activities. Central to the goal of meeting this need is the issue of appropriate techniques for manufacturing process planning optimization in reconfigurable manufacturing, i.e. (i) what decision making models and (ii) what computational techniques, provide an optimal manufacturing process planning solution in a multidimensional decision variables space? Conventional optimization techniques are not robust, hence; they are not suitable for handling multidimensional search spaces. On the other hand, process planning optimization for reconfigurable manufacturing is not amenable to classical modeling approaches due to the presence of complex system dynamics. Therefo...

by Michael C. Doggett


This dissertation introduces new hardware architectures for more realistic surface rendering of three dimensional objects and the rendering of volumetric datasets. Surface rendering is dealt with in the first part of the dissertation where the architectures for displacement map rendering in hardware are proposed. This work represents the first to appear in scientific literature on displacement map hardware rendering. Where possible these architectures propose components that integrate into currently available pipelines and make use of existing units in those pipelines. Displacement map rendering in hardware is a desired feature currently under development by most graphics hardware vendors. The first architecture is scan-line based and works just before rasterization and the second adaptiv...

Urban Paleontology

Evolution of Urban Forms

by Ming Tang & Dihua Yang


More than ten years ago, when I first read Mario Gandelsonas’ book The Urban Context, the beautiful abstract diagrams that the book presented -the street network of Chicago- fascinated me with the profound historical and cultural background that they suggested. Without knowing how this would direct me, I started to draw something related with the street network of Beijing. That is the beginning of this book. Among tons of the diagrams that I have created, most of them have not been incorporated into this book, while they have directed me into this fascinating research area which focuses on the "mineralized skeleton," rather than the "soft tissue" of urban forms. It was not until the recent five years when Yang and I came across some theories and approaches in paleontology that we start...

by Nicholas Altieri


Auditory and visual speech recognition unfolds in real time and occurs effortlessly for normal hearing listeners. However, model theoretic descriptions of the systems level cognitive processes responsible for integrating auditory and visual speech information are currently lacking, primarily because they rely too heavily on accuracy rather than reaction time predictions. Speech and language researchers have argued about whether audiovisual integration occurs in a parallel or in coactive fashion, and also the extent to which audiovisual occurs in an efficient manner. The Double Factorial Paradigm introduced in Section 1 is an experimental paradigm that is equipped to address dynamical processing issues related to architecture (parallel vs. coactive processing) as well as efficiency (capacit...

The Art of Examining and Interpreting Histologic Preparations

A Laboratory Manual and Study Guide for Histology

by William J. Krause, Ph.D.


The examination and interpretation of tissue sections seen under the light microscope in a laboratory setting is an example of student-directed, independent problem solving. The proper reading of a histologic section is an acquired art that can only be developed through practice, close observation and repetition. This laboratory manual was designed as a guide for students to aid them in this endeavor. The laboratory study guide/manual was designed to be used as a supplement to any current textbook and/or atlas of Histology. Learning objectives provide the overall goals for each chapter. The narrative of the study guide explains how to systematically breakdown, examine and interpret each tissue and/or organ encountered, without regard to a given histologic slide from a specific slide collec...

by Lawrence J. Appleman


The Internet was designed for effective movement of data -accurate and complete- from any point to any other point. The communication protocols, technological foundation, and original governance of the Internet all worked toward this goal. In contrast, legal constraints on transmission of information often have the obverse objectives of limiting, controlling, or preventing this movement of content. This dissertation proposes that the fundamental architecture of the Internet must change in order to allow effective regulation and legal control of content on the Internet.

by Geir E. Hovland


The problem of controlling sensory perception for use in discrete event feedback control systems is addressed in this thesis. The sensory perception controller (SPC) is formulated as a sequential Markov decision problem. The SPC has two main objectives; 1) to collect perceptual information to identify discrete events with high levels of confidence and 2) to keep the sensing costs low. Several event recognition techniques are available where each of the event recognisers produces confidence levels of recognised events. For a discrete event control system running in normal operation, the confidence levels are typically large and only a few event recognisers are needed. Then, as the event recognition becomes harder, the confidence levels will decrease and additional event recognisers are uti...

Axial Character Seriation in Mammals

An Historical and Morphological Exploration of the Origin, Development, Use, and Current Collapse of the Homology Paradigm

by Aaron G. Filler


Modern biology is increasingly focused on the role of repetitive anatomical structures in the embryological construction of organisms. The discovery of the homeobox (Hox) genes by Edward Lewis in 1978 ushered in a series of stunning revelations such as the fundamental commonality of insect segments and mammalian vertebrae – a wild and ridiculed idea first proposed by Etienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire in 1822 that has now been proven correct. Axial Character Seriation in Mammals is an unabridged edition of the 1986 Harvard University PhD Thesis of Aaron G. Filler, MD, PhD that pioneered our modern reassessment of mammalian vertebrae in the light of the new homeotic biology. As Dr. Filler points out in fascinating detail, the leading explanations of similarity among animals before Darwin wer...

by Mlindi Mashologu


The IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS) is the basic network architecture for Next Generation Networks (NGN) which is intended to bridge the divide between the traditional circuit switched and packet switched networks, thereby providing a single network capable of providing all service offerings. IMS is based on the IP infrastructure and it enables the convergence of data, speech and video on the same network platform. The IMS forms the basis of Fixed Mobile Convergence (FMC), where fixed-line operators are striving to provide mobile access and mobile operators are trying to provide fixed access. This is done to provide both services to a customer in a single device. The IMS is based on Session Initiation Protocol (SIP), which is a text-based protocol. The IMS will generally create additional...

by Christopher J. Graham


In this thesis we advance the state-of the practice in the Space Mission Operations domain by leveraging single spacecraft technologies along with classical scheduling frameworks and notation to create a scheduler for a constellation of spacecraft. We define a scheduling product that is focused on the problem of scheduling networked groups of spacecraft, called constellations. Within this thesis we show that the constellation schedule problem is a very complex problem, and the application of heuristics is one approach that allow us to schedule successfully. Our first objective, comprising chapters 1, 2, and 3, is to describe the spacecraft constellation domain and the objectives of the thesis. This background provides a foundation for understanding the constellation scheduling problem doma...

Secret Death and New Life

Self-Development Strategies Founded on Analytical Spirituality for Learned People

by S. M. Zakir Hussain


The book has been structured into three parts, namely, Analytical Meditation, The Death of Diseases: Psychological Vaccination, Communication with the Heart: The Utterances that Provide Energy, and The Architecture of the Mind: The Psychology of Spirituality. The entire approach is founded on the concept of the combination of Analysis (or self-enquiry), Meditation, Self-Hypnosis, and Prayer and is expected to simultaneously work on the different dimensions of the mind –emotional, intellectual, spiritual, and behavioral. It is expected, as hundreds of the author’s readers have reported to have experienced, that the method will work instantly on the mind, without the reader’s having to do any special mental exercise as is typical of most meditation practices.

A Model for the Linguistic Specification and the Computational Management of Man-Machine Dialogues Following Commands Issued in Spoken Natural Language

Un modelo para la especificación lingüística y la gestión computacional de diálogos hombre-máquina mediante instrucciones expresadas en lenguaje natural

by Gabriela Fernández-Díaz


This thesis dissertation, written in Spanish, presents a new model for the linguistic specification and the computational management of man-machine dialogues following commands issued in spoken natural language. Our aim is to design and implement a conversational system for the automatic telephone task scenario, namely Delfos. Voice dialing represents a current trend in research, the purpose of which is to provide functional systems for products ranging from domestic appliances such as a video or a washing machine to more sophisticated environments such as a complete house, with an interface in spoken natural language. Our system, Delfos, represents a challenge for the fields of Language Engineering and Computational Linguistics as it implies the integration of different technologies such...

by Ken Ward-Harvey


Written by an architect with many years' experience in practice and teaching, this book is a well-illustrated introduction to the great range of materials used in much of the world's building and construction. It is the only book of its type on the market, and suitable for anyone teaching or studying for building trades, architecture, building, landscape design, structural engineering, and allied disciplines. When first published, a reviewer commented, "This book has filled a large gap in publications available to both students and the building professions." The Fourth (2009) Edition is now available, incorporating many references to current standard codes, research, manufacturers, and other authoritative information on the internet, to expand content further if needed.

by Sertif Demir


This books aims at analyzing Turkish foreign and security policies in the 21st century. Turkey’s foreign and security policies have become the focus of academic discussions since Turkey is located in the middle of the most unstable region in the world. Turkey’s self-assured foreign policy has similarly attracted the attention of academicians worldwide. Meanwhile, Turkey’s security policy has also been the subject of discussions as the country has been struggling with ethnic terrorism for 35 years. Furthermore, the US invasion of Iraq and the recent Syrian civil war, along with other factors, have caused religious radicalism to expand its power throughout the Middle East, which has heavily impacted on Turkey’s security. Turkey’s longstanding problems with its neighbors have also a...

The Origin of Social Dysfunction

The Pathology of Cultural Delusion

by Everett E. Allie


Humanity is a species in rapid transition. However, the progress being made is not uniform. There is a growing chasm between belief and knowledge that might never be breached. In the area of technology, we are building machines that increasingly take on the ability to reason, we are on the threshold of moving out into space and beginning to engineer life. Now, the very foundations of fundamental existence have been discovered and a new system, unifying the complete range of physics, has been developed. However, humanity may not be able to advance much beyond where we are today, our progress having been cut short by the savagery, ignorance and irrationality maintained within populations. The Pathology of Cultural Delusion announces the new discovery of the foundations of existence...

by Rahul I. Patel


Debris disks are optically thin circumstellar disks around mainsequence stars, comprised of micron-sized grains. The dust is generated from destructive collisions of planetesimals, induced from gravitational perturbations by large planets. Debris disks can as signposts for planetary systems, through which, a universal picture can be obtained that encompasses the evolution and architecture of the Solar System’s own dust disk and planetary system. The dust in these disks can be detected by their thermal infrared flux, measured as an excess above the photospheric emission. Dust at different circumstellar locations, inferred from the peak wavelength of the detected emission, can act as a probe for local dynamical activity in the system. Over the last thirty years, cold disks, analogous to th...

Finding Joy in Joyce

A Readers Guide to Ulysses

by John P. Anderson


This is a detailed reader's guide to James Joyce's masterwork Ulysses, voted the most important novel of the 20th century. The guide provides episode by episode an in depth explanation of the action and symbolism, including a description of the related books of Homer's Odyssey and the correspondences. This guide is designed to give the user the keys to the kingdom of one of the wonders of Western civilization. The non-academic author, a retired lawyer and life long Joyce reader, brings new approaches to find the deep meaning of each of Joyce's episodes and the novel as a whole. The scope of this effort, the complete Joyce, is unique in an area monopolized by more narrowly focused academics. The analysis elucidates Joyce's technique to mimic patterns in history and nature in his arch...

by Christopher Ariza


This dissertation introduces a new design for a computer-aided algorithmic music composition system. Rather than exploring specific algorithms, this study focuses on system and component design. The design introduced here is demonstrated through its implementation in athenaCL, a modular, polyphonic, poly-paradigm algorithmic music composition system in a cross-platform interactive command-line environment. The athenaCL system offers an open-source, object-oriented composition tool written in Python. The system can be scripted and embedded, and includes integrated instrument libraries, post-tonal and microtonal pitch modeling tools, multiple-format graphical outputs, and musical output in Csound, MIDI, audio file, XML, and text formats. Software design analysis is framed within a broad his...

Experience-Based Language Acquisition

A Computational Model of Human Language Acquisition

by Brian E. Pangburn


Almost from the very beginning of the digital age, people have sought better ways to communicate with computers. This research investigates how computers might be enabled to understand natural language in a more humanlike way. Based, in part, on cognitive development in infants, we introduce an open computational framework for visual perception and grounded language acquisition called Experience-Based Language Acquisition (EBLA). EBLA can watch a series of short videos and acquire a simple language of nouns and verbs corresponding to the objects and object-object relations in those videos. Upon acquiring this protolanguage, EBLA can perform basic scene analysis to generate descriptions of novel videos.The general architecture of EBLA is comprised of three stages: vision processing, entit...

Scientific Approach Principle for New Resilient Coastal Landscape Design

Revitalizing Revere Beach, MA - A Case Study for Flood Mitigation

by Anahita Kianous


Due to recent climate change, the character of environmental regional planning has shifted to address the anticipated extreme increases in sea level rise. As such, this project, based on existing scientific research/data, proposes a spatial, habitable landscape architectural solution as a model for flood mitigation for the East coastal edge. This proposal tests the potential for resilient coastal landscapes through a particular site located on Revere Beach, along with the New England coast in Massachusetts. The study demonstrates how through new public spaces designed to renew and protect the beach and the broader offshores, residents and visitors will be able to engage with this 21st Century, resilient beachfront. Also, residents and visitors will experience sophisticated efficient flood ...

A Delta-man in Yebu

Occasional Volume of the Egyptologists' Electronic Forum No. 1

by Aayko Eyma


A collection of papers from the Egyptologists' Electronic Forum ( on a variety of Egyptological topics, of interest to both professionals and laypersons. Five broad themes may be discerned: royalty in ancient Egypt, scarabs and funerary items, archaeology and early Egypt, Egyptology -- past, present and future, and ancient Egyptian language, science and religion. Table of Contents Preface Lorton, David - The Institution of Kingship in Ancient Egypt Gaber, Amr - Aspects of the Deification of Some Old Kingdom Kings Rocchi, Federico - The First Prophet of Amenhotep IV / Akhenaten Kramer, Arris - Enigmatic Kiya Bennett, Chris - Three Notes on Arsinoe I Sarr, John - The Gayer-Anderson Amenhotep III Commemorative Scarabs in the Portland Art Museum: Their Discovery...

Organisational Culture

Creating the Influence Needed for Strategic Success

by Richard J. Black


The strategy team have technology ideas and frameworks that represent the best body of knowledge for creating real business value from technology, but only other teams not the strategy team can create the value, by broadly completing the strategy team s ideas. The delivery teams often ignore the ideas. Sometimes real conflict emerges. It feels like the other teams think differently in a deeply rooted way. Could differences in organisational culture be to blame? This dissertation examines the organisational culture perceived within BP's energy trading technology team known as Integrated Supply and Trading Digital Business (ISTDB). The focus is on the Strategy and Architecture team (S&A) who are responsible for assuring the long-term viability of technology delivered to the business by ...