The Gulen Hizmet Movement and its Transnational Activities

Case Studies of Altruistic Activism in Contemporary Islam

by Sophia Pandya & Nancy Gallagher (co-editors)

02/06/2012

This volume of essays on the Gulen, or Hizmet (service) movement, a Turkish, Sufi Muslim, and humanitarian civil society group, looks at the recent activities of its followers to practice their form of Islam and carry out collective interfaith projects at the international level. It adds to the newly burgeoning discourse by focusing on the ways in which participants challenge ideological and sectarian boundaries. Included are essays which discuss how the movement is organized, structured, and institutionalized in many parts of the world, explore Turkey’s global influence, evaluate criticisms of the movement, and suggest directions for further research. While most previous scholarly attention has focused on the theological and philosophical ideas of Fethullah Gulen, the movement’s ins...

Ridding the World of Landmines

The Governance of Mine Action

by Kjell Bjork

03/06/2012

This book looks at how international treaties can be used to establish successful national programmes. It is concerned specifically with national mine action programmes, focusing on the capacity of the national governments (also referred to as "the state") to implement the "Convention on the prohibition of the use, stockpiling, production and transfer of anti-personnel mines and on their destruction." The Convention, which is also referred to as the Mine Ban Treaty (MBT) or "Treaty", was finalised on September 18, 1997 in Oslo. Ten years after its creation, the Treaty has proven a successful tool to address the humanitarian disaster caused by landmines, yet most of the mine affected country signatories to the MBT have not been able to meet their clearance deadline. This book examines th...

Suffering in Silence

The Human Rights Nightmare of the Karen People of Burma

by Claudio O. Delang

02/01/2000

Situated in the triangle between South Asia, Southeast Asia, and China, Burma is a country of 50 million people struggling under the oppression of one of the world's most brutal military regimes. Yet, the voices of its people remain largely unheard in the international arena. Most of the limited media coverage deals with the non-violent struggle for democracy led by Nobel laureate Daw Aung San Suu Kyi or the Army's repression of university students and urban dissidents, but these only form a small part of the story. This book presents the voices of ethnic Karen villagers to give an idea of what it is like to be a rural villager in Burma: the brutal and constant shifts of forced labor for the Army, the intimidation tactics, the systematic extortion and looting by Army and State authoriti...

America's Prisons

The Movement Toward Profit and Privatization

by Curtis R. Blakely

02/01/2005

This reader introduces the student to prison management. Particular interest is given the increased role of profit in the application of punishment. Profit and prison privatization are viewed within their larger context. As such, public and private prison operations are compared. Part of this comparison takes place through situating each sector upon an ideological continuum. This placement helps indicate the direction being taken by the contemporary prison. It further reveals that tomorrow's prisons may be less driven by traditional objectives and more driven by the notions of profit and efficiency.

Practical Shooting Scene Investigation

The Investigation & Reconstruction of Crime Scenes Involving Gunfire

by Dean H. Garrison

04/05/2003

Early in the investigation of a shooting incident, proper crime scene work is critical to the final outcome. Whether the shooting is ruled to be an accident, a homicide, or suicide often depends heavily on the initial on-scene work-up. What photographs and which measurements will one need to thoroughly reconstruct the event? What information, if any, can be learned from the physical evidence and surrounding objects in a shooting crime? Beginning with the basic tools and terminology, the book explains what a crime scene investigator needs to look for and document in the quest for the truth.

Voices of Protest

Liberia on the Edge, 1974-1980

by H. Boima Fahnbulleh

12/15/2004

Voices of Protest: Liberia on the Edge, 1974-1980 is a compilation of writings and speeches of Liberians who were in the forefront of the struggle for democratic change in their country during the period leading up to the military coup of 1980 that changed the course of Africa's oldest Republic. The writings and speeches show the sentiments of the people as they confronted a ruling group which had held power for over a century and was unwilling to carry out meaningful transformation that would meet the aspirations of the majority of the citizens. These writings and speeches are historical source materials that will give another perspective to the political agitation that sought an alternative to the stagnation in the country before the military intervened to stop the democratic momentum.

Reassessing Democracy

A Rebel's Guide

by Gregory Shafer

06/26/2004

Americans have long believed that they live in a democratic nation--where government is responsive to the people and where wealth and happiness are available to all. In fact, as this work explores, the American government has never sought equality and is often more loyal to business and affluence than to the aspirations of the average citizen. This book delves into the violations of democracy, uncovering the pandering to corporations, the cultural manipulations of people, the violations of fundamental rights.

by Jan G. Linn

06/26/2004

Silence may be golden, but not when it comes to the extremes of the Christian Right. That is why Jan Linn wrote his new book, What's Wrong With The Christian Right, just released by BrownWalker Press. As a former college and seminary teacher and author of ten previous books, Linn uses the Christian Right's own words and actions to show the extent to which it is trying to reshape both American politics and Christianity into its own image. The book describes in detail the agenda of the Christian Right, the tactics it employs, and the ways it plays loose with truth. It is also a call to action to everyone disturbed by the power and influence of the Christian Right. With careful documentation, this book exposes the extent to which the Christian Right is influencing American politics, who ...

State Terrorism in Iran

Understanding the Case of the Iranian Bahá’í Community

by Nauzanin A. Knight

07/25/2015

State terrorism, as a concept, has largely been operationalised out of terrorism literature. When a state uses violence systematically against unarmed victims, with the purpose of generating fear and communicating a message to a group beyond the immediate victims, this steps outside the bounds of legitimate use of violence. The Islamic Republic of Iran (IRI) has engaged in such acts of violence against the Bahá’í community in that country. In this study, a working model of state terrorism is devised and the following central research question is addressed: do the strategy and tactics utilized by the IRI and/or its proxies against Iranian Bahá’ís constitute state terrorism? This qualitative study adopts a Mixed Approach Design. Eighteen Iranian Bahá’í and non-Bahá’í emigr...

by Gregory Shafer

08/15/2005

Social scientists are only beginning to question the idea of culture and the way it comes to be part of who we are as a people. While most would suggest that culture emanates from our values and traditions, this book wonders if it is given to us by corporations, media, and political institutions as a way to keep us docile and compliant. So much of what we do, how we dress, and what we value is actually a manifestation of government propaganda and advertising. And so, we embrace sentimental notions about our founding fathers, about marriage, our political system, and time honored rituals. While we think of ourselves as free, we are deluged with messages from powerful conglomerates who want us to dress and act a certain way and who have clear agendas for what they want us to believe about o...

Gender Politics in Transition

Women's Political Rights after the January 25 Revolution

by Claudia Ruta

06/01/2012

The book sets out the development of gender politics before and after the revolution of January 25, with a particular focus on the period between January and August 2011 in order to analyse how women’s rights have been progressing during the transitional period. The book locates the Egyptian case in a broader analytical framework derived from a brief comparative analysis of women’s activism in revolutionary struggles or independence movements in countries such as Algeria, Morocco, Iran, South Africa, and Chile. This enables the research to underscore and highlight which strategies adopted by women have enabled them to be recognized and included politically in the transitional and post-transitional periods of their countries. The book also reports the historical perspective of the ...

by Rosemary Passantino (editor)

03/17/2005

This anthology features accessible, enjoyable, thought-provoking essays on timely legal issues by prominent journalists and scholars. Selected from well-known magazines like Atlantic Monthly, Harvard Business Review, The New Yorker, Slate, and Vanity Fair, each essay explores an important question currently being debated in our counts. Should government intervene in the business of a free market? Should people of the same sex be allowed to marry? Should religious icons be displayed in government buildings? Is a college student who mixes music on his laptop a thief? Any reader who would like to gain insight into the workings of the legal system while taking pleasure in excellent writing will enjoy this valuable collection. Including: Vikram Amar on What's Wrong with the Modern Jury Al...

Democracy by Force?

A study of international military intervention in the conflict in Sierra Leone from 1991-2000

by Abass Bundu

02/01/2000

Although democracy, the rule of law and respect for fundamental human rights are the defining idioms of contemporary state governance and international relations, they are hardly commonplace in Africa. In domestic environments severely degraded by abuse of power and rebellion, what kind of existence do African leaders give to their people? Can they proclaim rights for their citizens in international instruments but behave in ways that are diametrically opposite? What future has democracy when the last election was a rogue one and the incumbent regime the beneficiary? Sierra Leone, whose civil conflict enters its tenth year in March 2001, carries the unenviable status of playing host to the world's largest peacekeeping force. Yet there is still no lasting peace in a conflict that has deter...

The Politics of Crystal Meth

Gay Men Share Stories of Addiction and Recovery

by Kenneth Cimino

11/22/2005

A non-profit executive, governmental employee, financial advisor, travel agent, student, fashion designer - what these gay men have in common is a knowledge of pain, obsession, despair, degradation, and finally freedom from the one element that connects their stories: crystal meth use. Dr. Ken Cimino reveals the intimate and horrifying nature of meth abuse and presents ten inspiring true life dramas of meth use and recovery in The Politics of Crystal Meth: Gay Men Share Personal Stories of Addiction and Recovery. In part one he illustrates the varied reasons why gay men use methamphetamines, from gay oppression to homophobia to building self esteem to HIV issues. In the second part of the book he shares ten personal and motivating stories of meth use and recovery. In The Politics of...

The Real Insider's Guide to Military Basic Training

A Recruit's Guide of Advice and Hints to Make It Through Boot Camp (2nd Edition)

by Peter Thompson

01/03/2003

This book is the one many people in the military do not want recruits to read. The guide contains extremely helpful hints and advice to help new enlistees during the rigors of military training. Most important, the information is free from biased interests because it is "written by a recruit for a recruit." Although tailored toward the Army and Marines, any person enlisting in the Armed Forces will find the information exceedingly valuable. Even if a person is just thinking about the military, this book will help.

Documenting the Undocumented: Redefining Refugee Status

Center for Refugee Studies 2009 Annual Conference Proceedings

by Veronica P. Fynn (editor)

06/30/2010

This Proceeding is a direct product of the Center for Refugee Studies Annual Conference-- Documenting the Undocumented: Redefining Refugee Status, which took place on April 16-17, 2009 at York University, Toronto, Canada. It is a compilation of 11 scholastic essays ranging from a wide variety of topics related to "undocumented people" - domestic workers, internally displaced people, non-status students, environmental displacement, resettlement, refugees, and more. These thought provoking, yet unconventional pieces will attract academics, non-academics, policy makers, practitioners, lawyers, policy makers and others.

Engaging Terror

A Critical and Interdisciplinary Approach

by M. Vardalos, G.K. Letts, H.M. Teixeira, A. Karzai, J. Haig (editors)

11/05/2009

Engaging Terror: A Critical and Interdisciplinary Approach is a collection of select extended papers drawn from The Human Condition Series (THCS) conference on Terror that took place in May, 2008. The international scope of the conference drew participants from twenty-three countries including Brazil, Columbia, Cuba, France, Israel, Lebanon, Lithuania, New Zealand, Nigeria, Pakistan, the Philippines, Scotland, Singapore, South Africa, Turkey, and the United Kingdom. The thirty-five essays presented here are a representative sample of the interdisciplinary discussion which sought to analyze popular concepts like 'terrorism' and 'terrorist' as social, political, and psychosocial phenomena. Engaging Terror seeks to reveal the diverse forms of terror that persist in contemporary societie...

Boundary Politics and International Boundaries of Iran

A Study of the Origin, Evolution, and Implications of the Boundaries of Modern Iran with its 15 Neighbors in the Middle East, the Persian Gulf, the Caucasus, the Caspian Sea, Central Asia, and West Asia by a Number of Renowned Experts in the Field

by Pirouz Mojtahed-Zadeh

02/15/2007

This book is about Iranian boundaries at a time when crisis of various nature are occurring around Iran, especially in Iraq and Afghanistan, with immediate effect on the Iranian borderlands and substantial effect of Iran’s relations with her neighbours. Furthermore, issues like the legal regime of the Caspian Sea and the UAE claims on the Iranian-owned and Iranian-held islands of Tunbs and Abu Musa in the Persian Gulf create a situation in Iran’s neighbourhood, which influence her foreign relations and engage the country in matters of international importance. Occurrence of all these issues on and around the boundaries of Iran and a thorough study of the unexplored foundation and evolution of these issues within the framework of the study of the Iranian boundaries make this book timely...

Denial and Deception

A Study of the Bush Administration's Rhetorical Case for Invading Iraq

by Alan Kennedy-Shaffer

07/10/2006

Denial and Deception: A Study of the Bush Administration's Rhetorical Case for Invading Iraq delivers a refreshingly objective snapshot of the relationship between President George W. Bush's misleading statements, public opinion, and the war in Iraq. Using statistical analysis, Alan Kennedy-Shaffer presents the first academic study of how President Bush bullied the nation into invading Iraq and why the White House no longer controls public opinion. By mapping the major rhetorical and military developments in the war in Iraq, Kennedy-Shaffer paints a contextual picture of the Administration's rhetoric and the impact of casualty rates on public opinion. This book is essential reading for every scholar of presidential rhetoric and public opinion in an era of denial and deception by ...

by Alan W. Ertl

07/25/2007

In The Political Economic Foundation of Democratic Capitalism, Dr. Alan Ertl traces the development of the modern notions of Democracy and Capitalism, specifically the unique and seemingly at-odds combination of the two ideas that has grown to form the political-economic system of democratic-capitalism. An understanding of this system is essential to political and economic studies; the studies of those nations currently striving to develop Capitalism as their economic base would benefit from the separate analyses of Democracy and Capitalism, how the two concepts compare and contrast, and how the two ideas have combined to form a complex system of government.

by Prosper Avril

08/01/2007

In broad 21st century, without cause nor reason, a peaceful and honest citizen, Prosper Avril, a former president of Haiti, was imprisoned during 1011 days in a lugubrious cell by the only will of one man, an other president of this country: Jean-Bertrand Aristide Prosper Avril is the author of "Le Livre Noir de l’Insécurité" already presented in English language under the title "The Black Book on Insecurity", a book that had created the event in Haiti in the year 2001 when President Aristide made him arrested while he was signing his work to the public. His fight to recover his freedom is the source of his new work: "La Justice face au Pouvoir Politique en Haiti (2001 - 2004)" published after his release from prison. This book is offered now in its English version : "Justice versus P...

Neighborhood Challenge

The European Union and Its Neighbors

by Birgul Demirtas-Coskun & Bezen Balamir-Coskun

03/24/2009

One of the intriguing questions of the post-Cold War era has been whether the EU will play a major global role in world politics as non-traditional threats and challenges came to the forefront. Launching new policies such as the Common Foreign and Security Policy, the European Security and Defence Policy and the European Neighborhood Policy (ENP) have been considered important steps in the EU?s evolution as a regional and possibly global actor. Neighborhood Challenge analyzes critical aspects of the European Union's relations with its neighbours, by extending its analysis beyond the ENP. Unlike existing books on the subject, the volume covers the entire neighborhood from Russia, Ukraine, and Belarus to North Africa; from the Western Balkans to the South Caucasus and Central Asia. Such an ...

Red Air

Politics in Russian Air Power

by Dr. Sanu Kainikara

01/20/2008

The pursuit of national security is normally dominated by an overaching ideology that takes into account the political, economic, social and military paradigms that face a nation. In the history of the Soviet Union this ideology was more thaqn normallyinfluenced by political activism that demanded the continuation of the 'Workers' Revolution' into other parts of the world. Since the military forms an integral part of the governmental apparatus, its utilisation in the pursuit of securing national security is considered a legitimate and normal action. The Soviet Union built up the world's largest military force in an effort to ensure that the nation would have the necessary 'super power' status to counter-balance the growing power and influence of the United States of America. The ideologies...

Living under Liberalism

The Politics of Depression in Western Democracies

by Pam Stavropoulos

01/31/2008

Depression is prevalent throughout western society. But while identifying "risk factors," we rarely make the link to the liberal value system which so shapes the society in which we live. Freedom; equality; progress; respect for the "individual." What's wrong with liberalism? As residents of western liberal democracies, aren't we living in the type of society most conducive to happiness? Intellectually, we like to think so. We intone the liberal mantra "rationality defines a person," "my life is up to me," "liberalism is the best there is." But there are parts of ourselves that suspect otherwise, and that remain unconvinced. We become symptomatic. This book challenges individualist readings of depression which are still so dominant in western societies. This is in professional circles an...

Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton

A Defining Political Debate

by K. Anthony Scott

02/15/2007

The founding of American jurisprudence can be traced to the debates that occurred between Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson early in the history of our nation. A Defining Political Debate explores the core tension between the two men over the ability of the judiciary to preserve the core values of republican government. The author takes you through the normative dimensions of the Hamilton and Jefferson debates and provides an analysis of what this means for our current state of affairs.

Parents Left Behind

A Top Down Policy Study of Section 1118 of No Child Left Behind

by Kyshun Andre Webster Sr.

06/01/2010

Parents Left Behind is an in-depth analysis of the policy implementation process for Section 1118 of the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) federal legislation. Section 1118 was designed to increase parental involvement in local schools. Four years after being signed into law, the question of how Section 1118 is understood and is being implemented by selected stakeholders, from the local, state, and federal levels were not answered in the available literature. This multi-level case study began the examination effort by describing how parental involvement programs were being implemented according to federal mandates in NCLB and how policy decisions to implement this law were made and interpreted by public actors at each governmental level to the street level context of the New Orleans Public Schoo...

The Islamic Shield

Arab Resistance to Democratic and Religious Reforms

by Elie Elhadj

11/20/2008

Washington’s “War on Terrorism” has used democratization of the Arab World as a justification and a weapon. The Islamic Shield contends that genuine religious and political reforms in the Arab World are sheer fantasy: they are not expected for a very long time, if ever. The Islamic Shield argues that democratic ideology cannot defeat Islamic theology. A culture of blind obedience to autocratic authority at home, school, mosque, and work place has been turned into a form of piety by the ulama clerics. The Islamic Shield focuses on the interaction between political Islam and world politics. The book analyses the likely consequences of Arab resistance to political and religious reforms in the Middle East and beyond, especially the Arab-Israeli conflict and the U.S. project in Iraq. ...

by Idris Bal

01/01/2005

With the end of Cold War discipline the world has entered a new era. Parameters have changed; new handicaps as well as new opportunities have been created for countries. Turkey as a neighbor of former USSR, a member of NATO and located at the center of a sensitive region covered by Caucasus, Balkans and Middle East, has been affected by the end of Cold War radically. Turkey has lost some of her bargaining cards in the new era and therefore has needed new arguments. This need encouraged Turkey to take active steps in Post Cold War era. This book analyzes Turkey s relations with US, EU, Balkans, Middle East, Caucasus, Central Asia, Russia, China and Japan. At the same time, effects of economic crises and domestic developments on foreign policy, Turkish model in Turkish foreign policy, water ...

by Narottam Banskota

11/30/2012

Today, policy makers in both developed and developing countries are pursuing regionalization as a means to achieve easier market access, economies of scale, and welfare gains. South Asia Trade and Energy Security explains how regional economic cooperation in trade and energy security could help facilitate the economic transformation of the region, reducing poverty and expanding production. Currently, intra-regional trade in South Asia is constrained by tariff and non-tariff barriers. A fully-functional free trade area as envisaged in the South Asian Free Trade Area agreement has yet to be realized. This book explains the current patterns and limitations of energy trade between countries in South Asia, and how the growing demand for energy could be met by working closely with energy rich Ir...

by Kenneth K. Mwenda

04/08/2003

The book examines principles of arbitration law as they apply to many common law and civil law jurisdictions. In many countries, the use of alternative dispute resolution to resolve matters in areas relating to, say, foreign direct investment and industrial unrest has been heralded by many as a cost-effective way of settling disputes. Chapters in the book cover, among other things: the efficacy of the legal framework for arbitration in Zambia under the Arbitration Act 1933; the efficacy of the legal framework for arbitration under Zambia's Arbitration Act 2000; aspects of international law applicable to the legal framework for arbitration; and efforts to develop international and regional frameworks for arbitration.Other books by this author include: Banking Supervision and Systemac Bank R...