Chronic Complex Diseases of Childhood

A Practical Guide for Clinicians

by Shahram Yazdani, Sean A. McGhee, E. Richard Stiehm

02/04/2011

This new book is a practical guide for physicians and other professionals who care for children and adolescents with complex, chronic diseases. These disorders are a challenge because they require multiple services, the information about the disorders are scattered, and the exact treatments are not available in standard texts. To overcome these barriers, this book provides a summary of the clinical features, laboratory diagnosis, and the general and specific treatments needed for optimal care of these children. The key points are presented in a clear, succinct format, providing recommendations that can be implemented within the time span of an office or emergency room visit. Furthermore, pitfalls that are encountered are emphasized and alternatives are suggested. For example, this resour...

Principles and Practice of Urology

A Comprehensive Text (Volume 1)

by Muhammad A. Salam

05/11/2003

Principles and Practice of Urology (Volumes I and II) was created to provide a fresh, practical and concise review of the important urological issues faced in the daily practice. An easy and simple style is used to discuss the different urological diseases. This comprehensive and compact presentation serves the undergraduate and postgraduate medical student as a text book while providing a rapid review of the subject with reference work for the experienced professional, including General Surgeons, gynecologists, oncologist, neurologists, neurosurgeons, pediatric surgeons, spinal surgeons, nephrologists and physicians. The first chapter of the book describes the scholars of urology in the past few centuries and introduces their innovative works. This is followed by 16 diff...

by Thomas Nordegren

10/02/2001

With more than 30.000 entries The A-Z Enczclopedia on Alcohol and Substance Abuse is the most complete and comprehensive reference book in the field of Substance Abuse. A useful handbbok and working tool for drug abuse professionals. The Encyclopedia is produced in close co-operation with the ICAA, International Council on Alcohol and Addictions, since its inception in 1907 the world's leading professional non-governmental organisation working with drug-abuse related issues.

by Dawn Hughes

03/13/2001

A must resource for the millions of people affected by Fibromyalgia and Chronic Fatigue Syndromes. FMS and CFS, unlike well known and understood diseases like cancer, spring boards a journey for education, understanding and compassion. The book powerfully captures this journey, and is the first to provide patients, family and friends with the imperative resources to find support through their walk. In addition, The Life Planner, is a workbook that maps out a step-by-step guide for adapting and coping with the lifestyle changes fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue patients must face. The book is divided into four sections: The Syndromes: Provides an extensive look at the cause, diagnosis, symptoms, and treatments. From current research to clinical trials. The Resources: A comprehe...

Manual of Nephrology

Drug Therapy and Therapeutic Protocols in Renal Diseases

by Momir Macanovic and Peter Mathieson

08/09/2005

This manual contains protocols and guidance documents assembled by the authors during many years of clinical experience in nephrology. Many are not evidence-based but we have found them useful and hope that others will do likewise. The recommendations were made on the basis of clinical trials wherever possible. In the absence of relevant clinical trials, we used evidence available or our personal experience. Our aim was to provide a manual for the treatment of the most frequent kidney diseases or disorders related to the practice of Nephrology. The information may be of use to nephrologists, general internists, general practitioners or medical students.

Emergency Medical Systems

Prehospital Trauma Care for Landmine and Ordnance Blast Injuries in Afghanistan

by Zohra Jalal

08/19/2011

A formal training program with theoretical and practical components is essential for all emergency medical personnel involved in providing care for critically injured patients. Communication, effective first aid, and on time transportation to a health center play a major role in improving quality of care for critically injured patients. Using life experience examples, participants in the study emphasized the importance of each factor on the delivery of quality care for critically injured patients. Recommendations based on the study findings included two main categories. The first category illustrated recommendations to stakeholders, and the second category reflected recommendations for further study. Stakeholders in this study included healthcare leaders in Afghanistan, healthcare profess...

by Niall Shanks and C. Ray Greek

10/06/2009

The central concern of this book is with the "prediction problem" in biomedical research. In particular, the authors examine the use of animal models to predict human responses in drug and disease research. The arguments discussed are drawn from both biological and biomedical theory (with numerous examples and case studies drawn from evolutionary biology, complex systems theory, oncology, teratology, and AIDS research), and analyses of empirical evidence (concerning, for example, data on intra- and inter-species differences revealed by recent results from genome analyses of various species, human population studies, and statistical studies of the predictive utility of animal models). This book comes to the unique conclusion that while animals can be successfully used for many endeavors in ...

Annals of Medicine and Healthcare Research

Proceedings of the 2009 International Online Medical Conference

by Forouzan Bayat Nejad & Mostafa Nejati (editors)

05/06/2009

Annals of Medicine and Healthcare Research is the proceedings of the second International Online Medical Conference, which was successfully held in March 2009. This two day event brought together professors, researchers, experts, and academicians from across the world and provided them with the opportunity to discuss their research findings in the field of medicine. The conference papers have been received from all around the world and have been peer reviewed and judged by experts before being accepted for publication. The IOMC organizes an annual online conference (http://www.iomcworld.com/) where participants present their papers and research using web conferencing. This book will provide a complete and useful resource of the latest research findings and discussions in the field of medic...

"Listen To Me, I Am Still Somebody"

Understanding the Alzheimer's Disease Sufferer

by Sandra M. Kehoe, RN

02/01/2008

Listen to Me, I Am Still Somebody introduces the Alzheimer's disease sufferer to their caregivers and the community at large. Alzheimer's disease is a devastating disease process, yet the reader will laugh and perhaps cry a little, but begin to understand. Although this is an incurable disease, the reader will be given hope and begin to heal. Family caregivers are not the only ones affected by Alzheimer's. The professional caregiver, medical personnel, police, emergency services, and our community at large will find themselves interacting with the Alzheimer's disease sufferer and their families. This book is meant for all of them. Armed with a better understanding of the disease process, communication techniques, and behavior management skills the reader will be able to create the speci...

Bridge Across the Abyss:

Medical Myths and Misconceptions

by Firas Madbak, M.D.

03/28/2008

A fearless investigation of mainstream medicine's most revered dogma, Bridge Across the Abyss is solidly based on trusted medical literature. Find out why advice from authorities on screening tests, blood transfusions, pain and anti-reflux medicines, vitamin supplementation, cholesterol and diet is often wrong. See how clinical trials are slanted. This is a single compendium consisting of a discussion that describes commonly employed clinical practices that are instituted and taught despite the surprising lack of data supporting their use. In essence, these have created a medical dogma that is seldom questioned and accepted as valid regardless of what the evidence has borne out.

Principles and Practice of Urology

A Comprehensive Text (Volume 2)

by Muhammad A. Salam

05/11/2003

Principles and Practice of Urology (Volumes I and II) was created to provide a fresh, practical and concise review of the important urological issues faced in the daily practice. An easy and simple style is used to discuss the different urological diseases. This comprehensive and compact presentation serves the undergraduate and postgraduate medical student as a text book while providing a rapid review of the subject with reference work for the experienced professional, including General Surgeons, gynecologists, oncologist, neurologists, neurosurgeons, pediatric surgeons, spinal surgeons, nephrologists and physicians. The first chapter of the book describes the scholars of urology in the past few centuries and introduces their innovative works. This is followed by 16 diff...

by Travis K. Svensson, MD, MPH, PhD

01/15/2003

The efficacy, consequences and ethical principles surrounding sexual reorientation therapies provided by health professionals has been debated in the public, professional and academic arenas since the first interventions were offered. This thesis applies a model for problem solving in bioethics to the issues raised by this debate. This in depth exploration of the facts and fictions surrounding the provision of sexual reorientation interventions through the critical lens of bioethics will be useful to those patients, health professionals, and health policy makers who struggle to make sense of a highly political health care issue. Sexual reorientation is fraught with conflicting moral and ethical implications that impact the patient and the health professional on many levels. Bioethi...

by S. Namour

11/15/2011

The CO2 laser beam was introduced in oral laser surgery in 1980, and it revolutionized the field. Its effects on oral soft tissues offer many advantages: bloodless surgery, decontamination of the surgical site by heat generated, no need for suturing healthy patients, simplicity of use, and perfect control of the removed tissues. In addition, using the CO2 laser beam improves the tissue quality of the healed area due to collagen secretion induced by the tissular beam action, and has a bio-modulation effect on irradiated tissues. This atlas will examine and discuss some procedures common in different fields of current oral surgery. First, we present an introduction to laser physics, as well as guidelines for proper clinical protocol. Then, we examine how the laser beam can be useful to p...

The Art of Examining and Interpreting Histologic Preparations

A Laboratory Manual and Study Guide for Histology

by William J. Krause, Ph.D.

07/01/2004

The examination and interpretation of tissue sections seen under the light microscope in a laboratory setting is an example of student-directed, independent problem solving. The proper reading of a histologic section is an acquired art that can only be developed through practice, close observation and repetition. This laboratory manual was designed as a guide for students to aid them in this endeavor. The laboratory study guide/manual was designed to be used as a supplement to any current textbook and/or atlas of Histology. Learning objectives provide the overall goals for each chapter. The narrative of the study guide explains how to systematically breakdown, examine and interpret each tissue and/or organ encountered, without regard to a given histologic slide from a specific slide collec...

Worldwide Research Efforts in the Fighting Against Microbial Pathogens

From Basic Research to Technological Developments

by A. Mendez-Vilas (editor)

07/06/2013

This book aims to disseminate recent findings in the fight against microbial pathogens which were presented at the second edition of the ICAR Conference Series (ICAR2012) on Antimicrobial Research, held in Lisbon, Portugal, November 2012, which attracted about 425 scientists from 55 countries. This forum was the natural continuation of this new series of conferences: the first edition, held in Valladolid, Spain in 2010, gathered more than 500 researchers from nearly 60 countries. ICAR aims at establishing itself as a key forum in Europe for the presentation, exchange, and dissemination of information and experiences on anti-microbe strategies. "Anti" is here taken in the broadest sense as "against cell cycle, adhesion, or communication," when harmful for the human health, industry or econo...

by Michael R. McGuire

02/16/2010

Major goals of health care in the 21st century are to make health care more efficient and less costly. These goals can be accomplished by implementation of evidence-based care; greater coordination of patient care; implementation of preventive care and wellness measures; and the evaluation of outcomes of care to identify improved ways to provide care. A universal patient medical record can help achieve these goals of more efficient and less costly health care.

Poison Eaters

Snakes, Opium, Arsenic, and the Lethal Show

by Richard Swiderski

08/03/2010

Testing the boundaries between food, poison and medicine is a public show made into a continuing drama of risk and survival. This book is the first to explore the tradition of deliberate poison eating, its practitioners, and the substances that might nourish or kill them. Readers interested in the human history of drugs and medicine, in feats of endurance usually survived and in the play of controlling and regulatory authorities that always accompanies drug and poison use will find Poison Eaters especially appealing.

Slim Down

Fighting Childhood Obesity with Healthy Habits

by Pierpaolo R. Palmieri

07/31/2000

Over the last thirty years the proportion of children in the United States who are overweight or obese has been increasing, reflecting the dramatic trend that has been witnessed in the adult population. The significance of this trend is enormous when we consider the medical complications of obesity, such as heart disease, type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, gall bladder disease and the increased risk of certain types of cancer. Unquestionably, the best solution to the obesity problem is prevention, or at least, early intervention. There are many diet schemes that promise quick, effortless results. The only legitimate approach to dealing with childhood obesity, however, is one that stresses improved fitness rather than weight loss. SLIM DOWN is an acronym developed after years of c...

Hearing Better

Understanding Your Hearing And Ear Care Options

by John Burkey

06/27/1999

Hearing Better: Understanding Your Hearing And Ear Care Options is a simple and informative overview of a person's hearing health alternatives. It introduces the different ear professionals, explains their qualifications and the services they render. The book also provides basic information about ear and hearing problems, treatment options, hearing aids and other ways to compensate for a hearing loss. By being more informed, people can better participate in the decision-making about their own hearing health. Hearing Better will also be of value to many of those who previously had a complete ear and hearing evaluation. In the era of HMOs and managed care, physicians rarely have time to discuss all of the problems associated with hearing loss. Hearing Better can fill in some of the gaps. ...

Conjugate Gaze Adjustive Technique

An Introduction to Innovative Chiropractic Theory and Practice

by Vincent L. Perri

07/17/2001

Dr. Perri demonstrates how eye movements and patient-assisted postures can be used to correct vertebral subluxations, somatovisceral and viscerosomatic abnormalities. The text fully demonstrates the techniques and discusses the neurological pathways activated in the applications. He fully explains how visual fields and cerebral hemispheres are linked and how this information can be applied chiropractically. Chapters include information on patterning specific chiropractic adjustments for long-term corrections using 4 different types of neuromuscular retraining. Dr. Perri demonstrates how to monitor vasomotor mirror activity during viscerosomatic corrections, and discusses DeJarnette's CMRT profiles in the context of the Conjugate Gaze Adjustive Technique. A special chapter includes how to ...

A Grounded Theory Study of Truth-Telling in Cancer

Perceptions of White British and British South Asian Community Workers

by Kelvin Karim

10/13/2002

Truth-telling about life-threatening cancer illness is a controversial matter. Few studies have explored attitudes towards truth-telling among people from migrant communities living in cultures different to their own. The purpose of this grounded theory study was to explore the perceptions of white British and British south Asian community workers within the Metropolitan Borough of Walsall as to the factors that influence truth-telling. In-depth, focused interviews were carried out with a sample of 20 key informants. A theoretical model was developed which describes the factors that lead to an imperative for family to act as gate-keepers of information exchange. The model describes the strategies used and the narrower and broader contexts in which they take place. The implications for prac...

Medical Informatics Around The World

An International Perspective Focusing On Training Issues

by Andrew Steele

01/22/2002

In the last ten years there has been an explosion in the use of computer technology in many facets of our lives. Many industries such as finance, manufacturing, and retail have embraced modern technological advances through the use of advanced computer and telecommunication technology. Unfortunately, the international health care community has been quite slow to effectively integrate new computer technology into the daily care of patients. Nevertheless, governments across the world are developing strategic plans and allocating financial resources to support the use of technology in healthcare. Medical Informatics Around The World: An International Perspective Focusing On Training Issues provides a global snapshot into such activities in 13 different countries (Australia, China, Hong Ko...

Critical Ingredients of Intensive Case Management

Judgments of Researchers/Administrators, Program Managers and Case Managers

by Richard W. Schaedle

04/01/1999

Intensive Case Management (ICM) did not evolve from a single, well-defined model format but from different case management models. As a result, it has been vaguely defined as meaning more "intense" than usual case management, thus highlighting the lack of consensus about ICM's definition and parameters. Despite these differences, ICM programs aspire to a set of common principles and core operational functions derived from the concept of continuity of care. Recent literature reviews have found mixed results regarding studies examining ICM effectiveness ( e.g., psychiatric hospitalizations, etc.). It has been difficult to make comparisons between studies because operational definitions have not been standardized. This study attempted to construct a program theory that unifies the various I...

Bismuth-Ethanedithiol

A Potential Drug to Treat Biofilm Infections of Medical Devices Produced by Staphylococcus Epidermidis and Proteus Mirabilis

by Jithendra Gunawardana

09/13/2010

Staphylococcus epidermidis is the leading cause of hospital-acquired infections associated with implanted medical devices. Likewise, Proteus mirabilis is one of the leading causes of nosocomial Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs) and is associated with urinary catheter blockage. Both organisms produce biofilms, which make them less susceptible to antibiotics. Therefore, these infections are often notoriously difficult to treat and in many cases lead to complications. Preventing biofilm formation or killing a pre-existing biofilm would be useful solutions since biofilm formation is a phenomenon commonly observed in these organsims. This study investigated the in vitro efficacy of Bismuth-ethanedithiol (BisEDT) against biofilms produced by P. mirabilis and S. epidermidis. Anti-biofilm activit...

by Ilan Lohr

03/15/2000

That neuropsychological performance is impaired in patients with affective disorders is now widely accepted, and there is growing evidence that attentional dysfunction (effortful attention in particular) is one of the major impairments normally observed. The present study aimed at defining the nature of attentional dysfunction in depression by means of tests designed to measure specific aspects of attention, such as sustained, selective, focused, divided attention, etc. We also tested the effect of increasing effortful attentional demands on subjects' performance. To that end, effort level was increased on the task variable that was considered to be the defining characteristic of each task. For example, the Stroop Color-Word is a test of perceptual interference, so that on the high effort ...

by Mounir Bashour, MD, CM, PhD, FRCSC, FACS

06/11/2007

There exists a need for the creation of an objective system for measuring facial attractiveness and along with it a detailed mathematical analysis and understanding of facial sexual dimorphism. Both the areas of ophthalmic and facial plastic and reconstructive surgery and the areas of facial attractiveness and recognition research in psychology would greatly benefit from achieving these goals. The objective of this work has been to: develop and test a system for measuring facial attractiveness in an objective manner; and analyze orbital and facial sexual dimorphism. A facial overlay system or mask variously called the phi, archetypal, golden, or golden ratio mask has been claimed to be capable of being adapted to create an objective system for measuring facial attractiveness. The cen...

Attention Deficit Disorders

A Neurological Diagnostic Perspective

by Edward F. Frates

06/04/2002

The effects of attention deficit disorders seem to touch many people's lives today, and the questions surrounding this disorder are many. There is more information regarding this disorder than at any time in its history. Unfortunately, there is just as much misinformation surrounding the facts of this disorder as ever. It is the intention of this book to, in some way, unveil a few misconceptions surrounding Attention Deficit Disorders; logically, medically, and more important scientifically. By exploring the history, etiology, comorbidity and neurological diagnostic perspectives, those in professional positions responsible for our children's welfare (teaching, nursery schools, childcare, parenting, and the medical community) may gain a better understanding of this condition.

by Trevor Hicks

11/28/2003

‘Nervous shock’ cases form an area of law, which illustrates well the operation of judicial policy. It is possible from such cases to trace the changing attitudes of lawyers, doctors and of society in general to psychiatric injury over the last century. These cases also highlight the changing judicial attitudes to the scope of duty of care and to the whole issue of policy decisions.The recognition of nervous shock similarly illustrates the development of medical knowledge in relation to psychiatric injury. The recognition of Post traumatic Stress Syndrome (PTSD) has been a relatively new and controversial phenomenon and this disorder has now been incorporated into the various classifications of mental disorder as a recognisable psychiatric illness.This book examines the development ...

by Victor H. Nunez

11/26/1999

Scope of Study: This dissertation investigates the effect of cost and dose on the hemodialysis treatment modality. This modality of dialysis is an alternative to renal transplantation for people diagnosed with end-stage renal disease. The mortality rate is used as a quality indicator of the hemodialysis treatment by assessing the quality of service in Colombia and comparing it with the quality of service in the United States. Findings and Conclusions: The hypothesis testing used in this research shows that there is a significant difference between the delivered dose of hemodialysis in Colombia and the United States. The mortality rate for patients in hemodialysis in Colombia for a comparable age group (45-64) is higher than that of the United States. This is attributed in great part t...

Psychiatric Triage and Screening

Trends, Parameters, and Limitations When Evaluating Patients in an Emergency Room Setting

by Malik Abdur-Razzaq

08/08/2011

Numerous societal factors have given rise to acute psychiatric conditions in patients referred for mental health evaluation and treatment at a specified emergency room (ER). Some of these risk factors include homelessness, domestic violence, unemployment, and poverty; acute and recurring mental illnesses; comorbid disorders, and the effects of war as evidenced by soldiers returning home from overseas with signs of post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms. The increase in referrals from correctional facilities, jails, juvenile detention centers, group homes, nursing homes, and schools points to institutions overwhelmed and having difficulty managing their specific populations. As a result, these groups and individuals are referred for psychiatric emergency services. Nurses at the s...