The Generic Challenge

Understanding Patents, FDA and Pharmaceutical Life-Cycle Management (Fifth Edition)

by Martin A. Voet

09/07/2016

This Fifth Edition of The Generic Challenge provides important new updates on current regulatory, legal and commercial issues affecting brand and generic pharmaceutical products, including new laws establishing generics for biologics, and changes brought about by the recently enacted America Invents Act. It explains clearly and understandably the roles of patents, FDA regulation of drugs and the Hatch Waxman Act in commercial drug development in light of generic challenges and how improvements in innovative drug products provide benefits to patients while extending the commercial lives of the drugs. There is simply no other book of its kind on this important subject.

Policing Financial Crime

Intelligence Strategy Implementation

by Petter Gottschalk

11/30/2009

Policing Financial Crime presents theories of financial crime, stages of financial crime, and criminal entrepreneurship. Response, regulation, and prevention of financial crime are described in terms of police intelligence strategy, intelligence information sources, and information systems. By combining insights into the broad variety of financial crime types and behaviors and alternative law enforcement approaches, this book provides a unique insight into the growing local and global phenomena of financial crime. By the same author: White-Collar Crime: Detection, Prevention and Strategy in Business Enterprises Knowledge Management in Police Oversight: Law Enforcement Integrity and Accountability Essential Knowledge and Management Issues in Law Firms

Knowledge Management in Police Oversight

Law Enforcement Integrity and Accountability

by Petter Gottschalk

09/24/2009

Police oversight agencies are citizens' watchdog organizations designed to ensure that the police are operating with integrity and accountability. Integrity is defined as the quality of being honest and morally upright. Accountability refers to situations in which someone is required or expected to justify actions or decisions. Based on integrity and accountability challenges in police forces all over the world, this book discusses the roles and methods of police oversight agencies. Knowledge management in police oversight is presented by identifying knowledge categories and knowledge management systems. A model for police oversight performance is developed in the book, and the model is applied to an oversight agency as a case study. By the same author: White-Collar Crime: Detection...

The End of the Rod

A History of the Abolition of Corporal Punishment in the Courts of England and Wales

by Raymond L. Gard

12/09/2009

The End of the Rod describes the tortuous steps that led to the abolition of corporal punishment as a sentence of the courts in England and Wales in 1948. It seeks to give voice to the key actors in the process: civil servants and politicians, along with those actually inflicting and experiencing that corporal punishment. It uses a variety of archival material and original sources to achieve this. The account begins in the late nineteenth century and traces debates, negotiations, and manoeuvring from then to the legislation of 1948. The work then looks at the consequences of that abolition and offers an explanation as to why the changes it describes may have occurred.

Practical Shooting Scene Investigation

The Investigation & Reconstruction of Crime Scenes Involving Gunfire

by Dean H. Garrison

04/05/2003

Early in the investigation of a shooting incident, proper crime scene work is critical to the final outcome. Whether the shooting is ruled to be an accident, a homicide, or suicide often depends heavily on the initial on-scene work-up. What photographs and which measurements will one need to thoroughly reconstruct the event? What information, if any, can be learned from the physical evidence and surrounding objects in a shooting crime? Beginning with the basic tools and terminology, the book explains what a crime scene investigator needs to look for and document in the quest for the truth.

Dying To Know.Info

The Comprehensive Guide to Kicking the Bucket including Legal Forms, Estate Planning, Wills, Funeral Arrangements, Death Certificates, Obituaries, Life Insurance, and Everything Else to Prepare Before You Go

by Julian J. Blum

02/24/2014

Dying To Know.Info details an invaluable step-by-step process that will provide your loved ones peace of mind with the legal forms and other information they will need in order to deal with your affairs in the event of your passing. This book presents a fun, humorous, streamlined process to help with the completion of the documents quickly and easily. Everyone will pass on someday, so to a degree everyone needs this book. It contains the forms needed to appoint your executor, the person who gives your beneficiaries the news about who gets your favorite fishing rod or sewing machine. The provided living will expresses whether you want to be kept on life support, or be allowed to meet your maker when your doctor says you are ready to go. It explains how you can cut funeral costs, avoid ...

by Rosemary Passantino (editor)

03/17/2005

This anthology features accessible, enjoyable, thought-provoking essays on timely legal issues by prominent journalists and scholars. Selected from well-known magazines like Atlantic Monthly, Harvard Business Review, The New Yorker, Slate, and Vanity Fair, each essay explores an important question currently being debated in our counts. Should government intervene in the business of a free market? Should people of the same sex be allowed to marry? Should religious icons be displayed in government buildings? Is a college student who mixes music on his laptop a thief? Any reader who would like to gain insight into the workings of the legal system while taking pleasure in excellent writing will enjoy this valuable collection. Including: Vikram Amar on What's Wrong with the Modern Jury Al...

Commodification of Sexual Labor

Contribution of Internet Communities to Prostitution Reform

by Jeffrey R. Young

01/04/2016

Most feminists agree that successful prostitution reform requires that prostitutes be respected by their clients, peers, and the community. Although respect is not the only criterion necessary for acceptable reform, many feminists believe that the absence of stigma would be a sufficiently fundamental improvement to merit the reconsideration of policies that severely restrict prostitution. The aim of this study is to show that certain online prostitution venues contribute to acceptable prostitution reform by fostering trust and respect between the participants. My hypothesis is that when commercial sex is conducted in an open atmosphere of respect and mutual understanding, within certain economic parameters, beliefs and practices that stigmatize prostitutes and prostitution are potentially ...

by Howard Jackson

02/01/2000

Don't get caught legally unaware-- This book is a must read for real estate appraisers, brokers and attorneys. It explains in a clear way the sometimes difficult but important areas of the law that impact the real estate and legal professions. Some of the main areas covered are how to become an outstanding expert witness, malpractice, ethics, standards of proof, stare decisis, attorney ploys on cross examination, how to become an excellent expert witness, how to bullet proof an appraisal, negligence, common mistakes appraisers make, how to compare two appraisals on the same property. The book is laced with illustrative examples and citations to the court reports. There is also a five page key word index for easy reference. It is organized so that concepts, principles, guidelines, ...

Finding the Real Odds

Attrition and Time-to-Degree in the FSU College of Criminology and Criminal Justice

by Robert C. Lightfoot

04/09/2009

Attrition and time-to-degree issues remain poorly understood in academia, and almost completely unexplored in criminology and criminal justice. Loss rates of fifty percent or more are common in the social sciences, while the success rates for criminal justice are unknown for most schools. This study attempts to investigate completion levels at the Florida State University (FSU) College of Criminology and Criminal Justice, using descriptive and inferential techniques, survival analysis, and questionnaires. Problems with data collection impeded analysis of even basic statistical operations, resulting in the exclusion of some independent variables due to unavailability of readily obtainable information. Both the Master's and Ph.D. programs had similar attrition rates, with nearly two-thirds o...

Beyond the Bodyguard

Proven Tactics and Dynamic Strategies for Protective Practices Success

by Gavriel Schneider

05/20/2009

This book is an advanced, well-rounded and in-depth view about what it takes to be the best in the international arena, in a world where change is the only constant. It is endorsed by a wide range of industry experts. This well-researched book will take you to higher levels, enabling you to be among the best in the demanding world of the truly professional bodyguard, by giving you the tools to develop and measure yourself. Who would benefit from this unique and powerful book? 1. Everyone who is in or wants to be involved in the close protection industry 2. Everyone in the security industry worldwide including: - Police, military, and related agencies - Anti-terror and counter-terrorist units - Current Close Protection or bodyguarding organizations - Private security organiz...

by Frank Fuller

08/20/2009

This book covers criminal justice and terrorism topics, with some related political studies. It consists of a collection of essays and research studies designed for academic audiences. This is a useful guide for high schoolers, college students, professors, and teachers. The reader will learn about terrorism topics and political conflicts and grasp how these fields are tied together. The readings will serve as good reference tools for those who are interested in understanding how conflicts develop, and are willing to resolve some of the problems brought on by international and domestic terrorism.

Hidden Treuhand

How Corporations and Individuals Hide Assets and Money

by Shelley A. Stark

07/24/2009

What part is Hidden Treuhand playing in the ensuing global financial crisis? The Hidden Treuhand is the single most powerful business tool in the world of globalization today. It is the missing key, reshaping the world’s financial system though few have ever heard of it. With a Hidden Treuhand you can anonymously exercise complete economic rights in all commercial markets worldwide hiding assets and money from stockholders and taxation alike. Many are unaware that U.S. corporations are using Hidden Treuhand to hide the scope of their economic activities – for example - Halliburton. From banks to bailouts, to shareholder value and pension funds – wealth is disappearing. How is it possible to hide stockholder wealth or economic activities worldwide? Hidden Treuhand is a trade...

by Kenneth K. Mwenda

04/08/2003

The book examines principles of arbitration law as they apply to many common law and civil law jurisdictions. In many countries, the use of alternative dispute resolution to resolve matters in areas relating to, say, foreign direct investment and industrial unrest has been heralded by many as a cost-effective way of settling disputes. Chapters in the book cover, among other things: the efficacy of the legal framework for arbitration in Zambia under the Arbitration Act 1933; the efficacy of the legal framework for arbitration under Zambia's Arbitration Act 2000; aspects of international law applicable to the legal framework for arbitration; and efforts to develop international and regional frameworks for arbitration.Other books by this author include: Banking Supervision and Systemac Bank R...

by Michael G. Aamodt

09/01/2004

This book is the most comprehensive reference ever written for individuals interested in law enforcement selection. The chapters contain meta-analyses (statistical reviews of the literature) investigating the validity of methods used to predict police performance. These methods include education requirements, cognitive ability, background variables (e.g., military experience, arrest record, discipline problems at work), personality inventories, interest inventories, physical agility tests, assessment centers, and interviews. The first chapter in the book is a short primer on meta-analysis that informs the reader about the purpose of meta-analysis and how to interpret the meta-analysis tables contained in the book. Chapter 2 describes the methods used to conduct the meta-analyses for thi...

White-Collar Crime

Detection, Prevention and Strategy in Business Enterprises

by Petter Gottschalk

07/28/2010

White-Collar Crime describes white-collar crime and criminals. It discusses executive knowledge of white-collar crime, and white-collar crime theories are presented. Executive positions involved in crime, white-collar crime analysis, response to crime suspicion, corporate social responsibility, and corporate reputation damage and repair are some of the core topics of this book. Knowledge strategy, intelligence strategy, and systems strategy are also presented from a strategic management perspective. By the same author: Policing Financial Crime: Intelligence Strategy Implementation Knowledge Management in Police Oversight: Law Enforcement Integrity and Accountability Essential Knowledge and Management Issues in Law Firms

Implicity of Electronic Contract Formation

With Reference to Email and Website

by Taimur Inayat Malik

12/19/2011

This research is conducted with an intention to have an overview of the contracts made online, what possible difficulties can arise within such commercial transactions and to assist readers upon the legal ambiance which environs it.

Prisons in the Neoliberal Era

Class and Symbolic Dimensions

by Dimitris Koros

04/04/2011

The aim of this paper is to explore prison's class and symbolic dimensions in the Neoliberal Era. Neoliberalism was approached as the empowerment of the market which leads to the dismantlement of the social welfare state and to the strengthening of the penal state for the marginalised populations. Also, it was analysed as the 'conduct of conduct' in the Foucauldian sense, as it was argued that prison is a tool of government, functioning for the management of the marginalised populations. An effort was undertaken to discuss the differences of the US, the 'carceral example', with the European Union countries. The class and symbolic dimensions of punishment were first approached from a historical and a theoretical perspective respectively, before attempting to discuss neoliberalism, aiming to...

Developments in Islamic Banking Practice

The Experience of Bangladesh

by Abu Umar Faruq Ahmad

09/08/2010

Developments in Islamic Banking Practice: The Experience of Bangladesh examines global developments in the Islamic banking practice, and provides an in-depth analysis of the theory and practice of Islamic banking in Bangladesh, the third-largest Muslim country in the world, with over 150 million Muslims. This book is the first of its kind to examine Islamic banking principles and practices in Bangladesh on such a broad scale. Learners, teachers, researchers, and those practically involved in the burgeoning financial industry will derive value from this book. Readers from all disciplines will become familiarized with the key differences between the principles and practices of two distinct banking systems: the interest-free Islamic banking and the interest-based conventional banking. Wi...

On Your Own, NORTH CAROLINA SMALL CLAIMS COURT

A Debt Collection Guide For North Carolina Businesses

by Mary Anne Nixon

04/27/1998

If you are interested in representing yourself or your business in Small Claims Court in North Carolina in order to collect your debts or settle disputes, ON YOUR OWN - NORTH CAROLINA SMALL CLAIMS COURT is the book for you! Employing an attorney to represent you or your business may or may not make economic sense. The debt you are seeking to recover may be less than the fee charged by an attorney. While it may be economically desirable for an attorney to represent you or your business in Small Claims Court in some situations, you may find it more advantageous to represent yourself or your business ON YOUR OWN. An individual or business with a small claim may wish to pursue the indebtedness without an attorney, but may not possess sufficient knowledge about the way the court operates to ...

Love, Marriage & Green Cards

Immigration to the United States as the Husband or Wife of an American Citizen

by Stephen J. Zawacki

02/01/2000

If you are thinking about moving to the United States as the spouse of an American citizen, this book is for you. While most immigration books can only be understood by lawyers, this book is different. The author, an immigration lawyer, describes the American immigration process using everyday English and many examples. Chapter One describes what is a marriage in the eyes of the American immigration system. Chapters Two through Five cover specific time frames in the immigration-processing of a marriage-based visa: Courtship and Marriage, Forms Preparation, The Marriage Interview and Denials. Chapter Six discusses fiancé visas - what they are and how they work. Chapter Seven provides some typical "questions and answers" to marriage-related immigration topics.

by Paul E. Konschak

02/12/2003

The purpose of this study was to examine two instructional methods for delivering a radar operators training class for members of a municipal police department. The first method examined was the traditional classroom-based training with a certified radar instructor. The second method was a computer-based training (CBT) course based on the instructional material from the classroom-based course. The CBT course was administered on CD-ROM using the police department s Windows© based computers. This study compared the two methods of delivery to determine if the CBT course was as effective as the traditional classroom-based course.Effectiveness was measured by the completion times of the two courses, examination scores, and overall participant satisfaction levels. These measures were conducted ...

Due Diligence

A New Theoretical Model for the School Board's Role in Creating Strategic Educational and Financial Planning Coherence

by Frances S. De Nuit

04/15/1999

The role of the school board in public K-12 schools is considered from the agency and the stakeholder perspectives. A new theoretical model for the school board members practice of due diligence encompassing content and process issues is developed from empirical literature on agency and stakeholder relationships, vision content and process, and strategy-making process capability. A four pronged methodology is used to test the model and resolve research issues on the practice of due diligence: 1) Development of an accountability measure of student performance using the Accountability Report from the New Mexico State Department of Education; 2) Testing of 10 propositions and 7 hypotheses using case studies of seven districts, survey results of 89 district board presidents and superinte...

by John R. Fraser

11/28/2003

Terrorism was once a topic limited to certain sectors of the world, such as the Middle East or South Africa. However, in recent years, it appears that no one is safe in any part of the globe. A growing number of countries must take measures to protect citizens and visitors from the threat of terrorism. The Unites States of America is the latest addition to this list. It has become evident in recent years that terrorism is no longer a localized event, but rather an increasing global problem. It has also become obvious that terrorism requires a global solution as well. Evidence has been mounting that terrorist groups are beginning to connect and form alliances. This gives them greater strength and greater resources. It seems they are finding common ground and are beginning to coordinate effo...

The Applicable Law to International Commercial Contracts and the Status of Lex Mercatoria

With a Special Emphasis on Choice of Law Rules in the European Community

by Mert Elcin

09/13/2010

International commercial contracts in the context of increasing globalization of the national markets have posed some of the most difficult questions of the legal theory as developed since the emergence of nation states; those are, whether it is possible or desirable to allow international commercial contracts to be governed by the law merchant or, in its medieval name, lex mercatoria, a body of rules which has not been derived from the will of sovereign states, but mainly from transnational trade usages and practices, and to what extent those rules should govern transnational transactions. The traditional approach of legal positivism to the questions maintains that law governing contracts containing a foreign element should be a national law which will be determined according to choice of...

by James J. Cook, Ph.D.

07/11/2004

The principal question addressed is the extent to which American organizations source legal services they require in a manner consistent with transaction cost economics and agency theory. Transaction cost economics (TCE) is an interdisciplinary undertaking which joins economics with aspects of organizational theory and contract law. TCE views frequency, uncertainty and asset specificity (the extent to which assets have little utility or value except in the context of a particular transaction or relationship) as key variables in determining how a transaction will be structured. Agency theory focuses on identifying the most efficient contract form for a relationship taking into account certain assumptions of self-interest, bounded rationality, risk aversion ...

Sharia Law and the Arab Oil Bust

PetroCurse or Cost of Being Muslim?

by Glenn L Roberts

01/22/2007

The delayed development of the Islamic world, in defiance of the formulaic approaches long favored by economists, suggests that the traditional Sharia and Islamic values and principles are at least partially responsible for the region’s persistent backwardness. By analyzing the impact of the legal regime of the Sharia on Saudi Arabia during the Arab Oil Bust of the 1980s, this thesis concludes that Islamic social values and the Sharia’s de facto role as an uncodified pre-emptive Arab common law implemented with high regard to precedent by ulama with extraordinary power of judicial review had the effect of accentuating the effects of the Oil Bust, making the theory of the Petrocurse a subset of a larger Cost of Being Muslim. On the other hand, the author concludes that not only is th...

by Dr. Mike Fred Balm

05/20/2009

The introduction of fair value accounting for stock options has required private companies to apply stock option valuation methodologies that were designed to be applied to their public counterparts. The two recommended methodologies, the Black-Scholes formula and the Binomial Lattice model, require the valuator to provide an input for estimated volatility; for private companies that do not have a trading history there is limited guidance regarding the determination of volatility, which results in diverging and incorrect estimates. Based on a sample representing 178 companies who filed and completed an IPO in 2006, this study analyzed the accuracy of the recommended valuation methodologies when applied to closely held US corporations. The study outlines the importance of volatility to the ...

Legal Aspects of Privatisation

A Comparative Study of European Implementations

by Bulent Seven

02/12/2003

The main aims of this thesis are as follows:(a) To present a comprehensive analysis of the concept of privatisation its origins and limits, (b) To identify the legal and institutional framework for privatisation in different European countries from a comparative perspective; (c) To define and analyse particularly legal issues which arise during the privatisation transactions: e.g. labour law, competition law etc.; (d) To evaluate which features of the successful legal and organisational framework of privatisation have been successful so as to provide guidelines for those individuals and organisations participating in the privatisation exercises.This work found out that there is no simple, internationally applicable recipe for privatisation; various legal methods and techniques can be used ...

by Janelle Burrill

07/28/2002

This dissertation summarizes the research of 30 court referred, custody dispute cases assessing the behaviors of the parents and their children to determine the presence or absence of Parental Alienation Syndrome (PAS). The criteria to determine the parent and their children's behaviors is Dr. Gardner's definition of Parental Alienation Syndrome. The parents were placed in three categories (mild, moderate or severe) based on their symptoms and behaviors. Their children (59) were then categorized into three groups (mild, moderate, severe). This investigation seeks to determine additional information regarding the presence or absence of PAS. Reluctance by the courts and mental health community to accept the validity of PAS probably contributes to the perpetuation of the disruption of par...