Worldwide Research Efforts in the Fighting Against Microbial Pathogens

From Basic Research to Technological Developments

by A. Mendez-Vilas (editor)

07/06/2013

This book aims to disseminate recent findings in the fight against microbial pathogens which were presented at the second edition of the ICAR Conference Series (ICAR2012) on Antimicrobial Research, held in Lisbon, Portugal, November 2012, which attracted about 425 scientists from 55 countries. This forum was the natural continuation of this new series of conferences: the first edition, held in Valladolid, Spain in 2010, gathered more than 500 researchers from nearly 60 countries. ICAR aims at establishing itself as a key forum in Europe for the presentation, exchange, and dissemination of information and experiences on anti-microbe strategies. "Anti" is here taken in the broadest sense as "against cell cycle, adhesion, or communication," when harmful for the human health, industry or econo...

by Al Link & Pala Copeland

09/05/2004

Adult content, beautifully erotic, tastefully explicit. - 108 pages - 21 black & white erotic photos and 14 illustrations - 125 internal links and 190 external links - Bonus Articles on aphrodisiacs, making first sex fabulous, how to be here now in bed, and more! - Get free updates in electronic format for one year after date of purchase. Is this an all too familiar scenario? Hot and heavy loving with hungry kisses and tender caresses that promise orgasmic bliss for both you and your eager partner when all of a sudden you're one thrust past the edge, the dam bursts and it's over. You're finished, "spent" and ready for sleep. She's still waiting for more. Most ordinary men believe that ejaculation is the best part of sex. But there is something better orgasms without...

by Kathleen Albertson

01/01/2007

Infertility affects more than 3 million married couples in the United States. This study explored the use of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) for treating female infertility. Surveys queried allopathic practitioners and TCM practitioners regarding their perceived knowledge and use of TCM. The vast majority of allopathic practitioners referred patients to acupuncturists and believed that acupuncture helped patients. The majority of respondents identified a trend for treating female infertility with TCM and Western medical procedures. The majority of respondents supported the concurrent use of allopathic protocols and TCM but did not support the concurrent use of TCM and Chinese Herbal Medicine (CHM). More than 62% of respondents expressed familiarity with clinical studies that used TCM fo...

The Treatment of Schizoid Personality Disorder Using Psychodynamic Methods

A Review of the Empirical Literature and Synthesis

by Matthew Viveier

01/04/2012

The aim of this study was to establish what is known about the treatment of schizoid personality disorder using psychodynamic psychotherapies, by conducting a systematic review of the literature. The limitations of this approach are set out, followed by an account of the development of the use of the term in descriptive psychiatry and the psychodynamic literature. The inclusion criteria used were studies in English and of adults, that had a methodology, had confirmed a diagnosis of schizoid personality disorder in the subject during the study, that used any type of psychodynamic approach, and that measured the outcome. Search terms included "schizoid", "psychotherapy", "therapy", "psychodynamic", "psychoanalysis", "trial", "efficacy", "effectiveness", "method", "methodology", "qualitative"...

The Systemic Practice of Misinterpretation of Scientific Data

The Case of Persisters, Small Colony Variants, Viable but Non-Culturable Bacteria, and Senescent Bacteria in Microbiology

by Jaison Jacob

09/27/2010

In this book, the author unfolds the ways in which researchers misinterpret their data to promote a hypothesis with the aim of attracting the attention of the scientific community. By providing examples, the author explains how flawed research findings enter and remain in scientific literature for a long time. This book gives insights not only to researchers in the sciences, but also to journal reviewers and to various governmental and private agencies that work to promote science. The message of the book is positive and clear: it is possible to identify the flaws in scientific research by scrutinizing the subject matter thoroughly, thus saving researchers around the globe time and money. It is generally believed that the scientific community is relatively free of corruption and that it...

by Imani C. Goodwin

05/28/2010

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death among women in the US, and African American women (AAW) have a disproportionately high rate of deaths from CVD. Physical inactivity plays a major role in CVD development. It has been reported that some rural women have low rates of physical activity; 39% of White women and 57% of women of color are reported to be physically inactive. Rural AAW have a high mortality and morbidity rate related to CVD and a high rate of physical inactivity. The purpose of this study was to describe rural AAW's perception of wellness in conjunction with their stage of change for engaging in exercise. A questionnaire was designed to obtain demographic information and reliable and valid questionnaires were used to measure perceived wellness and current ...

The Microcosm Within

Evolution and Extinction in the Hologenome

by William B. Miller, Jr.

01/08/2014

You are not what you think you are. New research is transforming how we understand ourselves—from a singular 'self' to a vast cooperative, co-dependent and collaborative network of cellular environments and ecologies—a microcosm within. From this unique perspective, a startling revision of evolutionary theory unfurls. Sharply reasoned and certain to be controversial, The Microcosm Within takes its readers on a sweeping scientific journey that reorganizes our thinking about our biological selves, evolution, and extinction. Darwin has dominated evolution for over a century. But many issues remain puzzling—What is the origin of self-sacrifice? Does natural selection really account for evolution? Why is homosexuality commonplace in the animal kingdom? Why were the arms of Tyrannosau...

by Ilan Lohr

03/15/2000

That neuropsychological performance is impaired in patients with affective disorders is now widely accepted, and there is growing evidence that attentional dysfunction (effortful attention in particular) is one of the major impairments normally observed. The present study aimed at defining the nature of attentional dysfunction in depression by means of tests designed to measure specific aspects of attention, such as sustained, selective, focused, divided attention, etc. We also tested the effect of increasing effortful attentional demands on subjects' performance. To that end, effort level was increased on the task variable that was considered to be the defining characteristic of each task. For example, the Stroop Color-Word is a test of perceptual interference, so that on the high effort ...

The Florida Spiny Lobster

How to Catch It, Its Biology, A Crawfish Cookbook, and First Aid for Minor Diving Injuries

by John Kappes

01/15/2008

The Florida Spiny Lobster tells what every crawfish hunter ought to know about his quarry, what equipment he’ll need, where to find them, and how to catch them. It also provides some tried and true recipes for those lucky lobster hunters who get some of these spiny delicacies as far as the kitchen. It also delves into the rules and regulations covering its capture and gives some common sense suggestions on how to safely manage the hunt. In writing the section on the biology of the spiny lobster the author takes great care to keep everything within the grasp of the average reader. Unnecessary scientific terminology is avoided while making an effort to answer every question that is likely to be asked about the crawfish. Every lobster hunter is likely to experience some ...

by Dawn Hughes

03/13/2001

A must resource for the millions of people affected by Fibromyalgia and Chronic Fatigue Syndromes. FMS and CFS, unlike well known and understood diseases like cancer, spring boards a journey for education, understanding and compassion. The book powerfully captures this journey, and is the first to provide patients, family and friends with the imperative resources to find support through their walk. In addition, The Life Planner, is a workbook that maps out a step-by-step guide for adapting and coping with the lifestyle changes fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue patients must face. The book is divided into four sections: The Syndromes: Provides an extensive look at the cause, diagnosis, symptoms, and treatments. From current research to clinical trials. The Resources: A comprehe...

by Lekha Yadav

07/28/2010

Fungal spoilage during the storage of fresh produce is a major concern in the food industry. Several methods have been used in order to improve and increase the shelf-life of food such as pesticide treatment, but the safety issues and concerns about these methods has been questioned due to their observed ill effects on consumer health and environment. Thus, it leads to emergence of a novel alternative residue free treatment. Ozone is known to be a powerful oxidising agent having the ability to break down into harmless oxygen and interestingly leaves no residue. The potential of ozone to reduce food spoilage organisms is well documented and the use of ozone against food spoilage has been approved by US-FDA. The impact of ozone exposure on macroscopic development and morphological characters...

by AnnMarie Breda, N.D., Ph.D.

07/23/2005

Human Papillomavirus has emerged as a distinct cause of cervical changes in young women. Its prevalence is continuously growing and is considered at epidemic proportions with 20 million Americans already infected and 5.5 million new cases reported annually. (Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Tracking the Hidden Epidemics., Trends in STDs in the U.S. 2000, Atlanta, Georgia, 2000) There are known risk factors associated with HPV cervical changes and cervical cancer. These known risk factors are the number of one’s sexual partners, age at first coitus, smoking and use of oral contraception. The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between known risk factors and unknown risk factors, such as nutrition, vitamin deficiency and other lifestyle variab...

by Denise Ingebo-Barth

12/01/2000

The Conscious Stream describes a theory built on the idea that consciousness--a stream of separate conscious instants, like frames making up a reel of film--is formed as trajectories circulate around the nervous system circuitry. In this model, a trajectory is a series of neuron groups energized in turn. (Picture it as a sequence of lights flashing around a marquee or perhaps as a comet blazing through a linked series of packed neuron groups--through circuits of the nervous system.) When a trajectory passes through the thalamus--a central area of the brain--an instant of experience is inserted into our lifelong conscious stream. This instant of experience can be a sensation, thought, or feeling. The particular instant depends on the source of the trajectory. When a trajectory is initiated ...

The Art of Examining and Interpreting Histologic Preparations

A Laboratory Manual and Study Guide for Histology

by William J. Krause, Ph.D.

07/01/2004

The examination and interpretation of tissue sections seen under the light microscope in a laboratory setting is an example of student-directed, independent problem solving. The proper reading of a histologic section is an acquired art that can only be developed through practice, close observation and repetition. This laboratory manual was designed as a guide for students to aid them in this endeavor. The laboratory study guide/manual was designed to be used as a supplement to any current textbook and/or atlas of Histology. Learning objectives provide the overall goals for each chapter. The narrative of the study guide explains how to systematically breakdown, examine and interpret each tissue and/or organ encountered, without regard to a given histologic slide from a specific slide collec...

by Thomas Nordegren

10/02/2001

With more than 30.000 entries The A-Z Enczclopedia on Alcohol and Substance Abuse is the most complete and comprehensive reference book in the field of Substance Abuse. A useful handbbok and working tool for drug abuse professionals. The Encyclopedia is produced in close co-operation with the ICAA, International Council on Alcohol and Addictions, since its inception in 1907 the world's leading professional non-governmental organisation working with drug-abuse related issues.

Surviving Stress

A Study of Professional Women's Stress Levels, Their Genetic Resiliency, and Herbal Adaptogens as an Effective Intervention

by Dr. Lynda K. Wilson-Hare

05/17/2007

A study of professional women was initiated to determine if herbal adaptogens have any effect on improving resiliency for coping with stress. An herbal adaptogen is an herb that helps the body adjust to difficult or extreme circumstances (Derrida, 2004). An iridology assessment was completed to define the subjects’ genetic profile for resiliency. It was hypothesized that if the person were genetically resilient, herbal adaptogens would not be effective, as their stress-handling capabilities were naturally strong. Through resiliency questionnaires, a positive improvement in the ability to manage stress was noted in 11 out of 12 subjects’ post-herbal intake. This research suggested that our ability to recover from stress is not totally related to our genetic properties, and can be enhanc...

Steps Toward a Universal Patient Medical Record

A Project Plan to Develop One

by Michael R. McGuire

11/02/2004

This book describes how an automated patient medical record could be built that could evolve into a universal patient record. Such a universal patient record would change medical care from a focus on short-term care to one oriented to long-term, preventive-care. It would remove patient care from being the province of the single physician to that of the responsibility of many different healthcare providers, possibly located anywhere in the world.

Slim Down

Fighting Childhood Obesity with Healthy Habits

by Pierpaolo R. Palmieri

07/31/2000

Over the last thirty years the proportion of children in the United States who are overweight or obese has been increasing, reflecting the dramatic trend that has been witnessed in the adult population. The significance of this trend is enormous when we consider the medical complications of obesity, such as heart disease, type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, gall bladder disease and the increased risk of certain types of cancer. Unquestionably, the best solution to the obesity problem is prevention, or at least, early intervention. There are many diet schemes that promise quick, effortless results. The only legitimate approach to dealing with childhood obesity, however, is one that stresses improved fitness rather than weight loss. SLIM DOWN is an acronym developed after years of c...

Sleep 101

The Beginner's Guide to Unraveling the Mysteries of Life's Forgotten Third

by Daniel Erichsen

02/20/2012

What is the function of sleep? Why does the northern fur seal sleep with only half of the brain? Is it safer to be asleep or awake? For the first time, the inside story of one of life's most mysterious and unexplored phenomenons. Written by a fellowship trained sleep medicine physician, Sleep 101 is at once a guide to hitherto uncharted biological territory, and a much needed tool for those seeking to improve their sleep.

Science, God and the Nature of Reality

Bias in Biomedical Research

by Sarah S. Knox

11/04/2010

This philosophy of science book is written by a biomedical scientist for a lay audience but is well-referenced for use by scientific readers and college course curricula. Its thesis is that the current paradigm in the biological and medical sciences, which is responsible for rejecting the existence of a Divine Being, is outdated. There is no factual basis for creating a dichotomy between evolution and Divine Design. Misconceptions about the nature of reality, i.e., the belief that matter is the ultimate cause of everything we think, feel, say, and do, have made it easy to ignore data demonstrating an important biological role for the energetic aspects of matter and to leave the question of the existence of a Divine being to the purview of philosophy and religion. The author uses extensive ...

by Eric Longino

03/27/2009

Limited research exists about the determinants of sales organization effectiveness in pharmaceutical sales organizations. To fill this void, sales management control, sales territory design, and sales force performance are conceptualized as antecedents to sales organization effectiveness in pharmaceutical sales organizations. The results of the structural equation model tested suggested that pharmaceutical sales representatives perform better and are more effective when they are satisfied with sales territory design because of its significant relationship with sales force behavioral performance. The present study suggests sales force behavioral performance leads to sales organization effectiveness through its significant relationship to sales force outcome performance. These findings are s...

Reasons for Disclosure in the Physician-Patient Relationship

How Physician Conduct and Reimbursement Methodologies Lead to Fraud and Abuse in Medicare

by Kathleen Johnson

05/19/2010

The solvency of the Medicare Trust Fund has been debated for the past twenty-five years and despite various stop-gap measures, fraud and abuse continues. Public policy in the form of Stark legislation, anti-kickback laws, and false claims acts were enacted to reduce over-utilization of services and prohibit self-referral and inducements for patients and services. Despite public policy and continued prosecution of fraud, Medicare reimbursement methods fail to control physician conduct of over-utilization and inducements for referrals. Following the concept of the informed consent doctrine and the theory of fiduciary trust in the patient-physician relationship, it is the author's thesis that transparency and disclosure with respect to physician prescription and referral practices can mit...

Psychiatric Triage and Screening

Trends, Parameters, and Limitations When Evaluating Patients in an Emergency Room Setting

by Malik Abdur-Razzaq

08/08/2011

Numerous societal factors have given rise to acute psychiatric conditions in patients referred for mental health evaluation and treatment at a specified emergency room (ER). Some of these risk factors include homelessness, domestic violence, unemployment, and poverty; acute and recurring mental illnesses; comorbid disorders, and the effects of war as evidenced by soldiers returning home from overseas with signs of post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms. The increase in referrals from correctional facilities, jails, juvenile detention centers, group homes, nursing homes, and schools points to institutions overwhelmed and having difficulty managing their specific populations. As a result, these groups and individuals are referred for psychiatric emergency services. Nurses at the s...

Principles and Practice of Urology

A Comprehensive Text (Volume 2)

by Muhammad A. Salam

05/11/2003

Principles and Practice of Urology (Volumes I and II) was created to provide a fresh, practical and concise review of the important urological issues faced in the daily practice. An easy and simple style is used to discuss the different urological diseases. This comprehensive and compact presentation serves the undergraduate and postgraduate medical student as a text book while providing a rapid review of the subject with reference work for the experienced professional, including General Surgeons, gynecologists, oncologist, neurologists, neurosurgeons, pediatric surgeons, spinal surgeons, nephrologists and physicians. The first chapter of the book describes the scholars of urology in the past few centuries and introduces their innovative works. This is followed by 16 diff...

Principles and Practice of Urology

A Comprehensive Text (Volume 1)

by Muhammad A. Salam

05/11/2003

Principles and Practice of Urology (Volumes I and II) was created to provide a fresh, practical and concise review of the important urological issues faced in the daily practice. An easy and simple style is used to discuss the different urological diseases. This comprehensive and compact presentation serves the undergraduate and postgraduate medical student as a text book while providing a rapid review of the subject with reference work for the experienced professional, including General Surgeons, gynecologists, oncologist, neurologists, neurosurgeons, pediatric surgeons, spinal surgeons, nephrologists and physicians. The first chapter of the book describes the scholars of urology in the past few centuries and introduces their innovative works. This is followed by 16 diff...

by Glenn E. McGee

02/20/1998

William James and John Dewey insisted that pragmatic philosophy finds meaning in its struggle to deal with emergent social problems. Ironically, few have attempted to use pragmatism to articulate methods for ameliorating social difficulties. This dissertation attempts to do just that by putting James' and Dewey's philosophy to work on the moral and scientific problems associated with genetic engineering and the Human Genome Project. The intention is to demonstrate the usefulness of a pragmatic approach to applied ethics and philosophy of biology. The work of proponents and critics of genetic engineering is examined, including LeRoy Hood, Hans Jonas, Leon Kass, Robert Nozick, Jeremy Rifkin, Robyn Rowland, and Paul Ramsey. It is concluded that excessive optimism and pessimism about gene...

by Trevor Hicks

11/28/2003

‘Nervous shock’ cases form an area of law, which illustrates well the operation of judicial policy. It is possible from such cases to trace the changing attitudes of lawyers, doctors and of society in general to psychiatric injury over the last century. These cases also highlight the changing judicial attitudes to the scope of duty of care and to the whole issue of policy decisions.The recognition of nervous shock similarly illustrates the development of medical knowledge in relation to psychiatric injury. The recognition of Post traumatic Stress Syndrome (PTSD) has been a relatively new and controversial phenomenon and this disorder has now been incorporated into the various classifications of mental disorder as a recognisable psychiatric illness.This book examines the development ...

Poison Eaters

Snakes, Opium, Arsenic, and the Lethal Show

by Richard Swiderski

08/03/2010

Testing the boundaries between food, poison and medicine is a public show made into a continuing drama of risk and survival. This book is the first to explore the tradition of deliberate poison eating, its practitioners, and the substances that might nourish or kill them. Readers interested in the human history of drugs and medicine, in feats of endurance usually survived and in the play of controlling and regulatory authorities that always accompanies drug and poison use will find Poison Eaters especially appealing.

by Halgoord Nasraden Hassan

07/22/2015

Centella asiatica L. Urban (Umbelliferea) locally known as ‘Pegaga’ is a type of herbal plant that had been used in traditional medicine in Asia for many centuries. This species has high medicinal value derived from the phenolic and flavonoid compounds. This research was conducted to understand the physiological and antioxidant properties of Centella asiatica L. Urban in response to different phosphate concentrations. Experiment was arranged in a Completely Randomized Design (CRD) consisted of five treatments with three replications. The treatments was 0, 0.05, 0.1, 0.15, and 0.2 g of Phosphorus pentoxide (P2O5 )/kg. The results of physical characteristics of Centella asiatica showed that P2O5 fertilizer significantly increased the fresh and dry weight of plants at p <0.05. The h...

by Benoît Schoefs

08/29/2000

This thesis is divided into 4 chapters summarizing this contribution on selected topics related to chlorophyll biosynthesis and biogenesis of the photosynthetic apparatus. The first chapter deals with the state of Pchlide in nonilluminated leaves. The comparison of the photoactive Pchlide absorbance spectra throughout the development in the dark, reveals that the proportion of P638-645 and P650-657 is not much modified during this period. The Gaussian deconvolutions of 77 K fluorescence spectra of nonphotoactive and photoactive Pchlide indicated the presence of three and 5 spectral forms, respectively. None of the nonphotoactive Pchlide forms is accumulated during the dark-growth. In constrast, photoactive Pchlide P650-657 is particularly accumulated. In the second chapter, we describe t...